Genomic constructs comprising the ovine β-lactoglobulin gene are expressed in a position-independent manner in the mammary gland of transgenic mice. In some lines however, constitutive low-level transgene expression was detected in all other tissues. This ectopic expression presumably represents a position-dependent phenomenon since it was observed in only a proportion (40%) of the lines generated. Different lines of BLG transgenic mice displayed similar temporal patterns of ectopic expression. This pattern differed from that of BLG in the mammary gland. These data imply that the DNA elements that direct position-independent expression of β-lactoglobulin transgenes in the mammary gland do not have the ability to insulate them from position effects in other tissues. Furthermore, the relatively high frequency and constitutive nature of ectopic expression suggests that transgene integration may not be totally random.