Ectoparasitism and Vector-Borne Diseases in 930 Homeless People From Marseilles

@article{Brouqui2005EctoparasitismAV,
  title={Ectoparasitism and Vector-Borne Diseases in 930 Homeless People From Marseilles},
  author={Philippe Brouqui and Andréas Stein and Herv{\'e} Tissot Dupont and Pierre Gallian and S{\'e}k{\'e}n{\'e} Badiaga and Jean Marc Rolain and Jean-Louis Mege and Bernard La Scola and Philippe Berbis and Didier Raoult},
  journal={Medicine},
  year={2005},
  volume={84},
  pages={61-68}
}
Abstract: Homeless people are particularly exposed to ectoparasites, but their exposure to arthropod-borne diseases has not been evaluated systematically. A medical team of 27 persons (7 nurses, 6 infectious disease residents or fellows, 2 dermatologists, and 12 infectious disease specialists) visited the 2 shelters in Marseilles, France, for 4 consecutive years. Homeless volunteers were interviewed, examined, and received care; and blood was sampled for cell counts and detection of bacteremia… 
Arthropod‐Borne Diseases in Homeless
TLDR
Epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of these ectoparasite and the infectious diseases they transmit to the homeless people and the associated infectious diseases that they may transmit to humans are dealt with.
Epidemiological serosurvey of vector-borne and zoonotic pathogens among homeless people living in shelters in Marseille: cross-sectional one-day surveys (2005–2015)
  • T. Ly, M. Louni, P. Gautret
  • Medicine, Biology
    European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
  • 2020
TLDR
A comparison with studies conducted prior to the 2000–2003 period showed a decrease in the overall seroprevalence of several vector-borne and zoonotic infections.
Arthropod-borne diseases associated with political and social disorder.
  • P. Brouqui
  • Medicine, Biology
    Annual review of entomology
  • 2011
TLDR
Arthropod-borne diseases continue to emerge within the deprived population and public health programs should be engaged rapidly to control these pests and reduce the incidence of these transmissible diseases.
Zoonotic and Vector-Borne Infections Among Urban Homeless and Marginalized People in the United States and Europe, 1990-2014.
TLDR
HIV infection, injection drug use, and heavy drinking were noted across multiple studies as risk factors for infection with vector-borne and zoonotic pathogens as well as documented exposure to rodent-borne zoonoses among urban homeless and marginalized people.
Murine typhus in the homeless.
Didelphis spp. opossums and their parasites in the Americas: A One Health perspective
TLDR
The role played by opossums on the spreading of zoonotic parasites, vectors, and vector-borne pathogens is reviewed, highlighting the risks of pathogens transmission due to the direct and indirect interaction of humans and domestic animals with Didelphis spp.
Bartonella henselae and the potential for arthropod vector-borne transmission.
TLDR
Clinicians should be aware that a common illness, infection with B. henselae, can be transmitted by arthropod vectors and a history of an animal scratch or bite is not necessary for disease transmission.
Rickettsiosis, una enfermedad letal emergente y re-emergente en Colombia
TLDR
The goal of this review is to describe the state of the art of rickettsiosis, a forgotten lethal disease that has re-emerged in Colombia, and leave some questions as an inspiration for future research that will hopefully lead scientists to a better understanding of this entity potentially endemic in some areas of Colombia.
Louse-borne relapsing fever—A systematic review and analysis of the literature: Part 1—Epidemiology and diagnostic aspects
TLDR
There is neither evidence to support or refute active transmission foci of LBRF elsewhere on the African continent, in Latin America, or in Asia, and data are lacking on sensitivity and specificity of most diagnostic methods.
Characterization of Candidatus Bartonella ancashi: A Novel Human Pathogen Associated with Carrins Disease
TLDR
Bacilliformis causes a biphasic illness, called Carrins disease, which is characterized by an acute phase, Oroya fever, and a chronic phase, verruga peruana, and is only seen in the Andes Mountain range of Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 60 REFERENCES
Bartonella quintana Bacteremia among Homeless People.
TLDR
Analysis of homeless people who presented to the emergency departments of University Hospital in Marseilles, France, and those who had been admitted to other medical facilities in the city since 1 January 1997 showed that treatment with gentamicin and doxycycline was effective in preventing relapses of bacteremia.
Emergence of Bartonella quintana infection among homeless persons.
TLDR
A seroprevalence study of anti-Bartonella antibodies among patients at a community clinic in the “skid row” section of Seattle, which serves a primarily homeless and indigent population, suggests that the patients with Bartonella bacteremia were more likely than controls to be homeless and to have a history of alcohol abuse.
Survey of the seroprevalence of Bartonella quintana in homeless people.
  • P. Brouqui, P. Houpikian, D. Raoult
  • Medicine
    Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • 1996
TLDR
The presence of antibodies to B. quintana in cases was significantly associated with the presence of body lice, exposure to cats, headaches, eastern European origin, and pain in the legs and should alert physicians that B. Quintana might be an etiologic agent of fever in homeless patients.
Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients.
TLDR
In an outbreak of urban trench fever among homeless people in Marseilles, B. quintana infections were associated with body lice in patients with nonspecific symptoms or no symptoms.
High seroprevalence to Bartonella quintana in homeless patients with cutaneous parasitic infestations in downtown Paris.
TLDR
A high prevalence of past and recent infections with B quintana in the downtown Paris homeless population with cutaneous parasitic infestations is suggested.
Bartonella quintana in body lice collected from homeless persons in Russia.
TLDR
Experimental evaluation of rodent exclusion methods to reduce hantavirus transmission to humans in rural housing and interim recommendations for risk reduction.
Rickettsialpox in New York City: a persistent urban zoonosis.
TLDR
Possible factors responsible for the increase in clinical samples evaluated for rickettsialpox during this interval include renewed clinical interest in the disease, improved diagnostic methods, epizootiological influences, and factors associated with the recent specter of bioterrorism.
Body Lice as Tools for Diagnosis and Surveillance of Reemerging Diseases
TLDR
Assessment of the occurrence and prevalence of the three agents described above in more than 600 body lice collected from infested individuals in the African countries of Congo, Zimbabwe, and Burundi, in France, in Russia, and in Peru confirmed the presence of R. prowazekii and Bartonella quintana in louse collected from all locations except the Congo.
Rickettsialpox in New York City
Abstract: Rickettsialpox, a spotted fever rickettsiosis, was first identified in New York City (NYC) in 1946. During the next five years, approximately 540 additional cases were identified in NYC.
The body louse as a vector of reemerging human diseases.
  • D. Raoult, V. Roux
  • Medicine, Biology
    Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • 1999
TLDR
Louse infestation appears to become more prevalent worldwide, associated with a decline in social and hygienic conditions provoked by civil unrest and economic instability, and the largest outbreak since World War II was observed in Burundi.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...