Ectoparasites

@article{Thomas2020Ectoparasites,
  title={Ectoparasites},
  author={Cristina Thomas and Sarah J Coates and Daniel Engelman and Olivier Chosidow and Aileen Y. Chang},
  journal={Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology},
  year={2020}
}

Pediculus humanus capitis

Efficacy and safety of a dimethicone lotion in patients with pyrethroid‐resistant head lice in an epidemic area, Okinawa, Japan

TLDR
Dimethicone was confirmed to be both safe and effective in treating pyrethroid-resistant head lice in Okinawa Prefecture.

A clinical review and history of pubic lice

TLDR
The literature from antiquity to present day is combed, reviewing the pubic louse's origins, its evolution with mankind, presentation and management, and the possibility of PtP as a vector for Bartonella spp.

Effectiveness and tolerability of a squalane and dimethicone-based treatment for head lice

TLDR
The results indicate that at both time points, 100% mortality rate of head lice crawling stages and late-stage eggs was achieved and the formula was well tolerated and suitable for children with atopic skin from 12 months of age.

Mass migration and climate change: Dermatologic manifestations

References

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The development of symptoms, parasitic infection and immunity in human scabies

TLDR
The mechanism of immunity is due to three reactions: scratching by the host which removes the parasites mechanically; oedema renders the cuticle unsuitable for colonization and causes the mites to vacate their burrows; scratching produces sepsis which is fatal to Sarcoptes.

Recurrent scabies with unusual clinical features in a renal transplant recipient

TLDR
It is concluded that increased serum cholesterol is not an inevitable consequence of MFO induction; it is unlikely that griseofulvin causes increases in serum lipids or apolipoproteins Al or B, but the findings require confirmation.

Commentary on ‘Interventions for treating scabies’

TLDR
This is a commentary of a Cochrane review, published in this issue of EBCH, of interventions for treating scabies, as recommended by the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Bartonella quintana, past, present, and future of the scourge of World War I

  • J. Ruiz
  • Biology
    APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
  • 2018
TLDR
During World War I, a mysterious new disease affected soldiers on both sides of battle field and was known as Trench fever, of which the causal infectious agent is currently classified as Bartonella quintana.

Control Strategies for Scabies

TLDR
Inclusion of scabies in the WHO portfolio of neglected tropical diseases in 2017 may facilitate renewed opportunities and momentum toward global control, but further operational research is needed to develop evidence-based strategies for control in a range of settings, and monitor their impact.
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