Ectomycorrhizal fungi decompose soil organic matter using oxidative mechanisms adapted from saprotrophic ancestors

  title={Ectomycorrhizal fungi decompose soil organic matter using oxidative mechanisms adapted from saprotrophic ancestors},
  author={Firoz Shah and C{\'e}sar Nicol{\'a}s and Johan Bentzer and Magnus Ellstr{\"o}m and Mark M Smits and Francois Rineau and Bj{\"o}rn Canb{\"a}ck and Dimitrios Floudas and Robert Carleer and Gerald Lackner and Jana Braesel and D. C. Hoffmeister and Bernard Henrissat and Dag G. Ahr{\'e}n and Tomas Johansson and David S. Hibbett and Francis M Martin and Per Persson and Anders Tunlid},
  booktitle={The New phytologist},
Ectomycorrhizal fungi are thought to have a key role in mobilizing organic nitrogen that is trapped in soil organic matter (SOM). However, the extent to which ectomycorrhizal fungi decompose SOM and the mechanism by which they do so remain unclear, considering that they have lost many genes encoding lignocellulose-degrading enzymes that are present in their saprotrophic ancestors. Spectroscopic analyses and transcriptome profiling were used to examine the mechanisms by which five species of… CONTINUE READING
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