Ecstasy (MDMA) in Recreational Users: Self‐Reported Psychological and Physiological Effects

@article{Davison1997EcstasyI,
  title={Ecstasy (MDMA) in Recreational Users: Self‐Reported Psychological and Physiological Effects},
  author={D. Davison and Andrew C. Parrott},
  journal={Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental},
  year={1997},
  volume={12}
}
  • D. Davison, A. Parrott
  • Published 1 May 1997
  • Psychology
  • Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental
Twenty recreational drug users were asked to describe the psychological and physiological effects they experienced under MDMA (3,4‐methylenedioxymethamphetamine). The subjects comprised 11 males and nine females, in the age range 18–31 years. Five subjects had taken MDMA once, nine had taken it 2–9 times, while six subjects had taken it +10 times. Each subject completed a modified Profile of Mood States Questionnaire (POMS), an Ecstasy Effect Questionnaire, and a structured interview, covering… 

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  • 2001
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Dance Clubbing on MDMA and during Abstinence from Ecstasy/MDMA: Prospective Neuroendocrine and Psychobiological Changes

TLDR
A group of recreational Ecstasy users when dance clubbing on 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and when clubbing during abstinence from Ecstasy/MDMA are compared, finding that neurohormonal release may be an important part of the acute MDMA experience.
...

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