Ecotoxicology and macroecology--time for integration.

  title={Ecotoxicology and macroecology--time for integration.},
  author={Mikhail A. Beketov and Matthias Liess},
  journal={Environmental pollution},
Despite considerable progress in ecotoxicology, it has become clear that this discipline cannot answer its central questions, such as, "What are the effects of toxicants on biodiversity?" and "How the ecosystem functions and services are affected by the toxicants?". We argue that if such questions are to be answered, a paradigm shift is needed. The current bottom-up approach of ecotoxicology that implies the use of small-scale experiments to predict effects on the entire ecosystems and… CONTINUE READING

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