Ecosystem management as a wicked problem

@article{DeFries2017EcosystemMA,
  title={Ecosystem management as a wicked problem},
  author={Ruth S. DeFries and Harini Nagendra},
  journal={Science},
  year={2017},
  volume={356},
  pages={265 - 270}
}
Ecosystems are self-regulating systems that provide societies with food, water, timber, and other resources. As demands for resources increase, management decisions are replacing self-regulating properties. Counter to previous technical approaches that applied simple formulas to estimate sustainable yields of single species, current research recognizes the inherent complexity of ecosystems and the inability to foresee all consequences of interventions across different spatial, temporal, and… 
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