Ecosystem Service Supply and Vulnerability to Global Change in Europe

  title={Ecosystem Service Supply and Vulnerability to Global Change in Europe},
  author={Dagmar Schr{\"o}ter and Wolfgang Cramer and Rik Leemans and Iain Colin Prentice and Miguel Bastos Ara{\'u}jo and Nigel W. Arnell and Alberte Bondeau and Harald Bugmann and Timothy R. Carter and Carlos A. Gracia and A. Cristina De La Vega-Leinert and Markus Erhard and Frank Ewert and Margaret J. Glendining and Joanna I. House and Susanna Kankaanp{\"a}{\"a} and Richard J. T. Klein and Sandra Lavorel and Marcus Lindner and Marc J. Metzger and Jeannette Meyer and T. D. Mitchell and I. Reginster and Mark D. A. Rounsevell and Santiago Sabat{\'e} and Stephen A. Sitch and Ben Smith and Jo U. Smith and Pete Smith and Martin T. Sykes and Kirsten Thonicke and Wilfried Thuiller and Gill Tuck and Sönke Zaehle and B{\"a}rbel Zierl},
  pages={1333 - 1337}
Global change will alter the supply of ecosystem services that are vital for human well-being. To investigate ecosystem service supply during the 21st century, we used a range of ecosystem models and scenarios of climate and land-use change to conduct a Europe-wide assessment. Large changes in climate and land use typically resulted in large changes in ecosystem service supply. Some of these trends may be positive (for example, increases in forest area and productivity) or offer opportunities… 

Vulnerability of Ecosystem Services in the Mediterranean Region to Climate Changes in Combination with Other Pressures

The Mediterranean is one of the most vulnerable European regions to climate change, e.g. in terms of future water shortages, losses of agricultural potential and biome shifts. South-eastern

A spatially explicit and quantitative vulnerability assessment of ecosystem service change in Europe

Environmental change alters ecosystem functioning and may put the provision of services to human at risk. This paper presents a spatially explicit and quantitative assessment of the corresponding

Artificial lakes as a climate change adaptation strategy in drylands: evaluating the trade-off on non-target ecosystem services

Drylands are very susceptible to the effects of climate change due to water stress. One possible climate change adaptation measure is the construction of lakes to increase water availability for

Global change impacts on ecosystem services: a spatially explicit assessment for Europe

The widely reported impacts of climate change on ecosystems and biodiversity pose a threat also to the supply of ecosystem services. Ecosystem services (ES) arise when ecological structures or

Review of Impact of Climate Change on Ecosystem Services—A Review

Ecosystem services (ES) are the direct and indirect contributions of ecosystems to human wellbeing, supporting survival and quality of life. Ecosystem services are benefits of natural ecosystems for

Divergence of ecosystem services in U.S. National Forests and Grasslands under a changing climate

It is found that future climate change may result in a significant reduction in water yield but an increase in ecosystem productivity in NFs, posing greater challenges to managing NFs for both ecosystem services.

Global Consequences of Land Use

Global croplands, pastures, plantations, and urban areas have expanded in recent decades, accompanied by large increases in energy, water, and fertilizer consumption, along with considerable losses of biodiversity.

Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100.

This study identified a ranking of the importance of drivers of change, aranking of the biomes with respect to expected changes, and the major sources of uncertainties in projections of future biodiversity change.

Climate change threats to plant diversity in Europe.

Risks of extinction for European plants may be large, even in moderate scenarios of climate change and despite inter-model variability, according to application of International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List criteria.


Understanding this complexity, while taking strong steps to minimize current losses of species, is necessary for responsible management of Earth's ecosystems and the diverse biota they contain.

Environmental science: Carbon unlocked from soils

Data from a long-term national-scale soil monitoring scheme reveals extensive carbon losses during the past 25 years: land use has little effect on the rate of carbon loss suggesting a possible link to climate change.

Ecological responses to recent climate change

A review of the ecological impacts of recent climate change exposes a coherent pattern of ecological change across systems, from polar terrestrial to tropical marine environments.

Macro-scale water scarcity requires micro-scale approaches. Aspects of vulnerability in semi-arid development.

Policymakers in developing countries and bilateral and multilateral development agencies providing technical assistance need to develop a new strategy which includes water resource assessments followed by upgraded water plans for optimal use of available water resources and by the creation of best land use criteria.