Ecosystem Engineers in a Self-organized Soil: A Review of Concepts and Future Research Questions

@article{Lavelle2016EcosystemEI,
  title={Ecosystem Engineers in a Self-organized Soil: A Review of Concepts and Future Research Questions},
  author={Patrick Lavelle and Alister V. Spain and Manuel Blouin and George Gardner Brown and Thibaud Deca{\"e}ns and Michel Grimaldi and Jos{\'e} Juan Jimenez and Ddoyle Mckey and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Mathieu and Elena Vel{\'a}squez and Anne Zangerl{\'e}},
  journal={Soil Science},
  year={2016},
  volume={181},
  pages={91–109}
}
Abstract Soils are self-organized ecological systems within which organisms interact within a nested suite of discrete scales. Microorganisms form communities and physical structures at the smallest scale (microns), followed by the community of their predators organized in microfoodwebs (tens of microns), the functional domains built by ecosystem engineers (centimeters to meters), ecosystems, and landscapes. Ecosystem engineers, principally plant roots, earthworms, termites, and ants, play key… 

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