Ecosystem Disturbance, Carbon, and Climate

@article{Running2008EcosystemDC,
  title={Ecosystem Disturbance, Carbon, and Climate},
  author={Steven W. Running},
  journal={Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={321},
  pages={652 - 653}
}
  • S. Running
  • Published 2008
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Science
Models of climate change effects should incorporate land-use changes and episodic disturbances such as fires and insect epidemics. 

Topics from this paper

Demographic controls of future global fire risk
Wildfire damage is expected to increase under climate warming. Research now suggests that increased human exposure to wildfires will be driven primarily by population growth in areas with frequentExpand
Persistent reduced ecosystem respiration after insect disturbance in high elevation forests
TLDR
It is shown that on a decadal scale, tree mortality causes no increase in ecosystem respiration from scales of several square metres up to an 84 km2 valley, and comparable declines in both gross primary productivity and respiration suggest little change in net flux. Expand
Forest disturbances under climate change.
TLDR
It is concluded that both ecosystems and society should be prepared for an increasingly disturbed future of forests, as warmer and drier conditions particularly facilitate fire, drought and insect disturbances, while warmer and wetter conditions increase disturbances from wind and pathogens. Expand
Regional Land Cover Monitoring System for Hindu Kush Himalaya
  • K. Uddin, M. Matin, +15 authors Amanda M. Markert
  • Geography
  • Earth Observation Science and Applications for Risk Reduction and Enhanced Resilience in Hindu Kush Himalaya Region
  • 2021
The land cover across the HKH region is changing at an accelerated rate due to the rapid economic growth and population pressures that are impacting the long-term sustainability of ecosystems.
Estimating California ecosystem carbon change using process model and land cover disturbance data: 1951–2000
Abstract Land use change, natural disturbance, and climate change directly alter ecosystem productivity and carbon stock level. The estimation of ecosystem carbon dynamics depends on the quality ofExpand
Simulating coupled carbon and nitrogen dynamics following mountain pine beetle outbreaks in the western United States
[1] Insect outbreaks are major ecosystem disturbances, affecting a similar area as forest fires annually across North America. Tree mortality caused by bark beetle outbreaks alters carbon cycling inExpand
Effects of Disturbance, Succession and Management on Carbon Sequestration
The C dynamics in forests depends on the natural processes and perturbations by ACC (see Chapter 2). In primary forests (i.e., forests of native species without clear indications of human activityExpand
Mountain Pine Beetle Disturbance and Climate Impacts on Subalpine Forest Carbon Cycling
Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) subalpine forests are an important regional carbon sink dependent on winter precipitation. Understanding how climate variability and disturbance impact the carbonExpand
Disturbances, Their Interactions, and Cumulative Effects on Carbon and Charcoal Stocks in a Forested Ecosystem
Disturbances have a strong role in the carbon balance of many ecosystems, and the cycle of vegetation growth, disturbance, and recovery is very important in determining the net carbon balance ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 12 REFERENCES
Climate Change 2021—The Physical Science Basis
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body responsible for assessing the science related to climate change. The Sixth Report from IPCC Working Group 1 publishedExpand
The Impact of Boreal Forest Fire on Climate Warming
TLDR
Measurements and analysis of a boreal forest fire, integrating the effects of greenhouse gases, aerosols, black carbon deposition on snow and sea ice, and postfire changes in surface albedo imply that future increases in boreal fire may not accelerate climate warming. Expand
Hurricane Katrina's Carbon Footprint on U.S. Gulf Coast Forests
TLDR
Hurricane Katrina's impact on U.S. Gulf Coast forests was quantified by linking ecological field studies, Landsat and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer image analyses, and empirically based models to predict mortality and severe structural damage. Expand
Climate-carbon cycle feedback analysis: Results from the C
Eleven coupled climate–carbon cycle models used a common protocol to study the coupling between climate change and the carbon cycle. The models were forced by historical emissions and theExpand
Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change
TLDR
The cumulative impact of the mountain pine beetle outbreak in the affected region during 2000–2020 will be 270 megatonnes (Mt) carbon, which converted the forest from a small net carbon sink to a large net carbon source both during and immediately after the outbreak. Expand
‘Breathing’ of the terrestrial biosphere: lessons learned from a global network of carbon dioxide flux measurement systems
TLDR
Key findings reported include: ecosystems with the greatest net carbon uptake have the longest growing season, not the greatest FA; many old-growth forests act as carbon sinks; and year-to-year decreases in FN are attributed to a suite of stresses that decrease FA and FR in tandem. Expand
Cross-scale Drivers of Natural Disturbances Prone to Anthropogenic Amplification: The Dynamics of Bark Beetle Eruptions
ABSTRACT Biome-scale disturbances by eruptive herbivores provide valuable insights into species interactions, ecosystem function, and impacts of global change. We present a conceptual framework usingExpand
Global Consequences of Land Use
TLDR
Global croplands, pastures, plantations, and urban areas have expanded in recent decades, accompanied by large increases in energy, water, and fertilizer consumption, along with considerable losses of biodiversity. Expand
Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain
TLDR
In Canada, future efforts to influence the carbon balance through forest management could be overwhelmed by natural disturbances, and future climate mitigation agreements that do not account for and protect against the impacts of natural disturbances will fail to encourage changes in forest management aimed at mitigating climate change. Expand
Net carbon dioxide losses of northern ecosystems in response to autumn warming
TLDR
Simulation and observations indicate that northern terrestrial ecosystems may currently lose carbon dioxide in response to autumn warming, with a sensitivity of about 0.2 PgC °C-1, offsetting 90% of the increased carbon dioxide uptake during spring. Expand
...
1
2
...