Economics and energy sources.

  title={Economics and energy sources.},
  author={Malcolm Gordon Munro},
  journal={Journal of minimally invasive gynecology},
  volume={20 3},
Energy-based instrumentation has not only facilitated the rapid adoption of laparoscopic surgery, but could be considered essential for the completion of abdominal and pelvic procedures under endoscopic guidance. For decades, relatively simple and generic reusable monopolar and bipolar systems were the only options available. More recently, the available options for energy-based surgical instrumentation have become more crowded with the introduction of ultrasound-based cutting and sealing… CONTINUE READING

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