Economically profitable post fire restoration with black truffle (Tuber melanosporum) producing plantations

  title={Economically profitable post fire restoration with black truffle (Tuber melanosporum) producing plantations},
  author={Juan Mart{\'i}nez de Arag{\'o}n and Christina Fischer and Jos{\'e} Antonio Bonet and Antoni Olivera and Daniel Oliach and Carlos Colinas},
  journal={New Forests},
Cultivating black truffle (Tuber melanosporum Vittad.) is highly profitable in sites suitable for its development. Land use history is an important factor when choosing suitable habitat, and lands with non-ectomycorrhizal host species are recommended when introducing T. melanosporum-inoculated seedlings in order to reduce competition from native, soil-borne ectomycorrhizal (ECM) inoculum. Nearly every year Mediterranean wildfires cause the loss of forested lands where soil and climatic… 

Weed control modifies Tuber melanosporum mycelial expansion in young oak plantations

The effects of double-layer white mulch on herbaceous cover, soil temperature, reflected light, and the expansion of T. melanosporum bring us closer to being able to substitute traditional tilling of truffle orchards for the less expensive mulching treatments.

Back to Roots: The Role of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Boreal and Temperate Forest Restoration

Temperate and boreal forests are increasingly suffering from anthropic degradation. Ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) are symbionts with most temperate and boreal forest trees, providing their hosts with

Effects of soil tillage on Tuber magnatum development in natural truffières

The results highlight that real-time PCR is the most reliable method for evaluating the effects of cultural practices on the development of T. magnatum in soil avoiding long-term studies on fruiting body production.

Time and dose of irrigation impact Tuber melanosporum ectomycorrhiza proliferation and growth of Quercus ilex seedling hosts in young black truffle orchards

The results suggest that a moderate irrigation dose promotes seedling growth and number offine root tips per unit of fine root length, which may be potentially colonized by T. melanosporum.

Ectomycorrhizal fungus diversity and community structure with natural and cultivated truffle hosts: applying lessons learned to future truffle culture

Understanding the ectomycorrhizal fungal communities inhabiting different plantations may give clues about the dynamics of the targeted truffles and the possibility of identifying mycorrhizer species that are good indicators of successful truffle plantations.

A risk assessment of Europe's black truffle sector under predicted climate change.



Weed management and irrigation are key treatments in emerging black truffle (Tuber melanosporum) cultivation

Results show that adequate weed control improves root and shoot dry weight while fertilizer and irrigation treatments did not influence plant growth, and T. melanosporum remained the dominant fungal symbiont, despite the presence of 14 other ectomycorrhizal morphotypes from these sites.

Cultivation of black truffle to promote reforestation and land-use stability

An experiment to evaluate 3 levels of irrigation based on monthly water deficit and the effects of currently applied weed control systems and fertilization found that replacing one-half of the water deficit of the driest month (moderate irrigation) promoted the proliferation of T. melanosporum mycorrhizae, while high irrigation reduced fine root production and truffle mycor rhizae.

Can NPK fertilizers enhance seedling growth and mycorrhizal status of Tuber melanosporum-inoculated Quercus ilex seedlings?

The combined effects of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium with different doses of each element, applied to either foliage or roots, on plant growth parameters and the mycorrhizal status of outplanted 3-year-old seedlings in five experimental Quercus ilex–T.

Effect of Prescribed Burning on the Ectomycorrhizal Infectivity of a Forest Soil

Ectomycorrhizae formation, seedling health index, and seedling survival were assessed for two-year- old nursery-grown seedlings of Pinus resinosa and Pinus strobus two months after planting in

Mycelial abundance and other factors related to truffle productivity in Tuber melanosporum-Quercus ilex orchards.

Relative quantification of DNA from Tuber melanosporum mycelia was performed by conventional and real-time PCR in soil from trees in three truffle orchards of different ages to determine: (1) whether

Impact of clearcutting and slash burning on ectomycorrhizal associations of Douglas-fir seedlings

The effect of clear-cutting, with and without slash burning, on ectomycorrhizal formation of Douglas-fir seedlings (Pseudotsugamenziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. menziesii) was studied in field and

Soil Moisture, Native Revegetation, and Pinus lambertiana Seedling Survival, Growth, and Mycorrhiza Formation Following Wildfire and Grass Seeding

Annual ryegrass impeded regeneration of sugar pine during the first season following the fire, and Native species cover and richness have been significantly reduced in the seeded area and may affect long-term soil stability, productivity, and conifer restoration.

Tuber melanosporum, when dominant, affects fungal dynamics in truffle grounds.

The soil fungal populations of inside and outside brulé were compared in order to understand whether the scanty plant cover was related to a change in fungal biodiversity.