Economic value of biological control in integrated pest management of managed plant systems.

  title={Economic value of biological control in integrated pest management of managed plant systems.},
  author={Steven E. Naranjo and Peter C. Ellsworth and George B Frisvold},
  journal={Annual review of entomology},
Biological control is an underlying pillar of integrated pest management, yet little focus has been placed on assigning economic value to this key ecosystem service. Setting biological control on a firm economic foundation would help to broaden its utility and adoption for sustainable crop protection. Here we discuss approaches and methods available for valuation of biological control of arthropod pests by arthropod natural enemies and summarize economic evaluations in classical, augmentative… 

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