Economic governance: Does it make or break a dominant party equilibrium? The case of India

  title={Economic governance: Does it make or break a dominant party equilibrium? The case of India},
  author={Chanchal Kumar Sharma and Wilfried Swenden},
  journal={International Political Science Review},
  pages={451 - 465}
Why do voters re-elect the same party for prolonged periods of time even when there are reasonable alternatives available? When and why do they stop doing so? Based on a quantitative analysis of elections between 1972 and 2014, we test the significance of ‘economic governance’ for the continuance and fall of one-party dominance. With data from India we show that, under a command economy paradigm, a national incumbent party sustains its dominance by playing politics of patronage, but in a… 
Concessionary federalism in a dominant party system? Indirect tax reforms and subnational acquiescence in India
ABSTRACT What accounts for subnational assent to policies that seek to reduce their fiscal autonomy and increase fiscal centralization? Since subnational actors with access to veto capabilities can
The political economy of India ' s transition to Goods and Services Tax
What kept the Goods and Services Tax (GST) from becoming a reality in India for a quarter of a century after the adoption of the structural adjustment programme in 1991? What made it possible in
International Political Science Abstracts
  • Political Science
    International Political Science Abstracts
  • 2020
The idea that rulers must seek consent before making policy is key to democracy. We suggest that this practice evolved independently in a large fraction of human societies where executives ruled
Understanding multilevel dynamics in India: constituent power and multilevel governance
ABSTRACT This introduction to the special issue introduces readers to the specificities of Indian federalism and places the various contributions within a broader conceptual and comparative


Economic Performance and Elite Defection from Hegemonic Parties
Hegemonic party regimes are non-democratic regimes that (1) rule with the aid of a dominant political party and (2) hold multi-party elections. Elite coalitions organized under the aegis of a
The Economic Vote in Transitional Democracies
For the advanced industrial democracies, the link between economics and elections has been much studied. Indeed, this research enterprise has become something of a cottage industry. A current
A situational theory of pork-barrel politics: The shifting logic of discretionary allocations in India
ABSTRACT Despite the extensive literature on distributive politics, there is still is a lack of a theory of how political and fiscal institutions interact to shape the pork barreling ability of
Tragic Brilliance: Equilibrium Party Hegemony in Mexico
Why do citizens acquiesce in regimes of which they obviously disapprove? We provide a model that exhibits a general mechanism underlying the survival of one-party dominant, authoritarian regimes. The
Relative Economic Performance and the Incumbent Vote: A Reference Point Theory
  • S. Aytaç
  • Economics
    The Journal of Politics
  • 2018
How can voters make sense of economic outcomes they observe when deciding whether to reelect the incumbent? I propose a reference point theory of economic voting that emphasizes voters’ need for
Patronage-Preserving Federalism? Legislative Malapportionment and Subnational Fiscal Policies in Argentina
This paper builds on institutional analysis to generate new conclusions about the economic viability of federalism. It does so by suggesting that Weingast's seminal model of marketpreserving
India and Global Economic Governance: From Structural Conflict to Embedded Liberalism
India's behavior in the global economy has transformed considerably, consistent with its embrace of economic globalization and deregulation since 1991. Until then, India had practiced a type of
Why Dominant Parties Lose: Mexico's Democratization in Comparative Perspective
Part I. The Macro Perspective: 1. A theory of single-party dominance and opposition party development 2. Dominant party advantages and opposition party failure, 1930s-90s Part II. The Micro
A Discursive Dominance Theory of Economic Reform Sustainability: The Case of India
This article hypothesizes that economic reforms become sustainable when the discursive conditions prevailing in society tip against the existing paradigm under exceptional circumstances. Thus, unless
Economic Performance, Individual Evaluations, and the Vote: Investigating the Causal Mechanism
While there are many studies on the impact of the economy on elections, there is little evidence on the full mechanism of economic voting implied by performance-based theories of elections.