Economic cognition in humans and animals: the search for core mechanisms

  title={Economic cognition in humans and animals: the search for core mechanisms},
  author={Laurie R Santos and Kelly D. Hughes},
  journal={Current Opinion in Neurobiology},

Variation in primate decision-making under uncertainty and the roots of human economic behaviour

This work examines decision-making under risk across non-human primates, the authors' closest relatives, and assesses the current evidence for variation in animal preferences between species and populations, between individuals based on personality, sex and age, and finally, between different contexts and individual states.

Modularity, comparative cognition and human uniqueness

  • S. Shettleworth
  • Psychology, Biology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2012
A view of human cognitive architecture as a mosaic of unique and species-general modular and domain-general processes together with a focus on uniquely human developmental mechanisms is consistent with modern evolutionary-developmental biology and suggests new questions for comparative research.

The evolution of intergroup bias: perceptions and attitudes in rhesus macaques.

These field studies represent the first controlled experiments to examine the presence of intergroup attitudes in a nonhuman species and suggest that the architecture of the mind that enables the formation of these biases may be rooted in phylogenetically ancient mechanisms.

Comparative thanatology, an integrative approach: exploring sensory/cognitive aspects of death recognition in vertebrates and invertebrates

It is suggested that integrating diverse lines of evidence (including the ‘uncanny valley’ effect originating from the field of robotics) provides a promising way to advance the field, and is proposed by proposing avenues for future research.

Essays on decision making by children and adults on the autistic spectrum

This thesis presents three essays on decision making by autistic individuals. In the rst chapter we draw on the studies germane to decision making and autism to provide an extensive review focused on

Decision Making: From Neuroscience to Psychiatry

Psychiatric Neural Networks and Precision Therapeutics by Machine Learning

In this review, decision-making in real life and psychiatric disorders and the applications of machine learning in brain imaging studies on psychiatric disorders are summarized, and considerations for the future clinical translation are outlined.

Behavioral Foundations of Sustainability Transitions

"Writings on sustainability transitions generally do not say much about the particularities of the behavior of individuals and organizations. This is somewhat surprising since an important problem

The contribution of prefrontal-subcortical circuitry to risk-based decision making

This chapter discusses probabilistic discounting in Rats and discusses the effect of being “lucky” in the forced choice trials of a given probability block on the probability of choosing the Large/Risky lever on the first free choice trial.



Core systems in human cognition.

Choices, Values, and Frames

We discuss the cognitive and the psy- chophysical determinants of choice in risky and risk- less contexts. The psychophysics of value induce risk aversion in the domain of gains and risk seeking in

The Evolution of Our Preferences: Evidence from Capuchin Monkey Trading Behavior

Standard price theory does a remarkably good job of describing capuchin purchasing behavior; capuchin monkeys react rationally to both price and wealth shocks, but when capuchins are faced with more complex choices, they display many of the hallmark biases of human behavior, including reference-dependent choices and loss-aversion.

Core knowledge.

  • E. Spelke
  • Biology
    The American psychologist
  • 2000
Compex cognitive skills such as reading and calculation and complex cognitive achievements such as formal science and mathematics may depend on a set of building block systems that emerge early in

Sources of Flexibility in Human Cognition: Dual-Task Studies of Space and Language

The experiments suggest that humans' flexible spatial memory depends on the ability to combine diverse information sources rapidly into unitary representations and that this ability, in turn, depends on natural language.

Chimpanzees Are Rational Maximizers in an Ultimatum Game

The hypothesis that other-regarding preferences and aversion to inequitable outcomes, which play key roles in human social organization, distinguish us from the authors' closest living relatives is supported.

Chimpanzee Autarky

It is found that chimpanzees do barter, relinquishing lower value items to obtain higher value items (and not the reverse), however, they do not trade in all beneficial situations, maintaining possession of less preferred items when the relative gains they stand to make are small.

Monkeys reject unequal pay

It is demonstrated that a nonhuman primate, the brown capuchin monkey (Cebus apella), responds negatively to unequal reward distribution in exchanges with a human experimenter, supporting an early evolutionary origin of inequity aversion.