Economic analyses of feeding systems combining pasture and total mixed ration.

@article{Tozer2003EconomicAO,
  title={Economic analyses of feeding systems combining pasture and total mixed ration.},
  author={Peter R. Tozer and Fernando Bargo and Larissa Areal de Carvalho Muller},
  journal={Journal of dairy science},
  year={2003},
  volume={86 3},
  pages={808-18}
}
Partial budgeting was used to compare net incomes of high-yielding Holstein cows fed either a total mixed ration (TMR), a pasture-based diet, or a combination of both. Variables included in the analysis were milk income, feed, feeding, manure handling, fencing, and water system expenses (revenues and costs based on 2000 values). Base data were from 45 Holstein cows (109 days in milk), assigned to one of three dietary treatments: TMR (nongrazing with TMR ad libitum), pasture plus TMR (pTMR, with… CONTINUE READING