Economic Returns to Speaking ‘Standard Mandarin’ Among Migrants in China’s Urban Labour Market

@inproceedings{Gao2011EconomicRT,
  title={Economic Returns to Speaking ‘Standard Mandarin’ Among Migrants in China’s Urban Labour Market},
  author={Wenshu Gao and Russell Smyth},
  year={2011}
}
This article uses data from the China Urban Labour Survey administered across 12 cities in 2005 to estimate the economic returns to speaking standard Mandarin among internal migrants in China's urban labour market. The article builds on studies that estimate the economic returns to international immigrants of being fluent in the major language of the destination country and studies that estimate the economic returns to proficiency in the national language among groups of people who speak a… CONTINUE READING

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