Ecology of the Asian elephant in southern India. II. Feeding habits and crop raiding patterns

  title={Ecology of the Asian elephant in southern India. II. Feeding habits and crop raiding patterns},
  author={Raman Sukumar},
  journal={Journal of Tropical Ecology},
  pages={33 - 53}
  • R. Sukumar
  • Published 1 February 1990
  • Biology
  • Journal of Tropical Ecology
ABSTRACT The Asian elephant's foraging strategy in its natural habitat and in cultivation was studied in southern India during 1981–83. Though elephants consumed at least 112 plant species in the study area, about 85% of their diet consisted of only 25 species from the order Malvales and the families Leguminosae, Palmae, Cyperaceae and Gramineae. Alteration between a predominantly browse diet during the dry season with a grass diet during the early wet season was related to the seasonally… 

Food Habits of Asian Elephants Elephas maximus in a Rainforest of Northern Peninsular Malaysia

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Ecology of the Asian elephant in southern India. I. Movement and habitat utilization patterns

  • R. Sukumar
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • 1989
ABSTRACT The movement and habitat utilization patterns were studied in an Asian elephant population during 1981–83 within a 1130 km2 area in southern India (11° 30′ N to 12° 0′ N and 76° 50′ E to 77°


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Elephant in particular appeared to alter their food habits seasonally and it is suggested that this may be an attempt to obtain a balanced intake of nutrients.

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