Ecology of a widespread large omnivore, Homo sapiens, and its impacts on ecosystem processes

  title={Ecology of a widespread large omnivore, Homo sapiens, and its impacts on ecosystem processes},
  author={Meredith Root-Bernstein and Richard James Ladle},
  journal={Ecology and Evolution},
  pages={10874 - 10894}
Abstract Discussions of defaunation and taxon substitution have concentrated on megafaunal herbivores and carnivores, but mainly overlooked the particular ecological importance of megafaunal omnivores. In particular, the Homo spp. have been almost completely ignored in this context, despite the extinction of all but one hominin species present since the Plio‐Pleistocene. Large omnivores have a particular set of ecological functions reflecting their foraging flexibility and the varied… 
Land Use and Ecological Change: A 12,000-Year History
  • E. Ellis
  • Environmental Science
    Annual Review of Environment and Resources
  • 2021
Human use of land has been transforming Earth's ecology for millennia. From hunting and foraging to burning the land to farming to industrial agriculture, increasingly intensive human use of land has
The policy consequences of defining rewilding
Depending on the kinds of “wild” nature re wilding aims to create, rewilding policy will be faced with managing different opportunities and risks for biodiversity and people.
Reciprocal Contributions between People and Nature: A Conceptual Intervention
Throughout human history, Indigenous and local communities have stewarded nature. In the present article, we revisit the ancestral principle of reciprocity between people and nature and consider it
Should we all go pesco-vegetarian?
The main findings were that fish eaters had a reduced risk of CVD, ischaemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure, compared with meat eaters, and the beneficial associations of diet types with cardiovascular outcomes were strongest in men, as already described for vegetarian diets.
Biodiversity and the Anthropocene


Status and Ecological Effects of the World’s Largest Carnivores
The status, threats, and ecological importance of the 31 largest mammalian carnivores globally are reviewed and a Global Large Carnivore Initiative is proposed to coordinate local, national, and international research, conservation, and policy.
Ecological consequences of Late Quaternary extinctions of megafauna
  • C. Johnson
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2009
Understanding the past role of giant herbivores provides fundamental insight into the history, dynamics and conservation of contemporary plant communities.
Carnivory, Coevolution, and the Geographic Spread of the Genus Homo
This review traces the colonization of Eurasia by hominids and their subsequent evolution there to 10,000 years ago from a carnivorous perspective and finds regionalization of Upper Paleolithic artifact styles is among the many symptoms of this process.
Ecological consequences of human niche construction: Examining long-term anthropogenic shaping of global species distributions
This work focuses on four major phases that witnessed broad anthropogenic alterations to biodiversity—the Late Pleistocene global human expansion, the Neolithic spread of agriculture, the era of island colonization, and the emergence of early urbanized societies and commercial networks.
Pleistocene Rewilding: An Optimistic Agenda for Twenty‐First Century Conservation
Pleistocene rewilding would deliberately promote large, long‐lived species over pest and weed assemblages, facilitate the persistence and ecological effectiveness of megafauna on a global scale, and broaden the underlying premise of conservation from managing extinction to encompass restoring ecological and evolutionary processes.
Assessing the Potential to Restore Historic Grazing Ecosystems with Tortoise Ecological Replacements
Non-native tortoises are a more cost-effective approach to control non-native vegetation than manual weeding and are likely to promote the recovery of native plants.
Fire as a global 'herbivore': the ecology and evolution of flammable ecosystems.
PanTHERIA: a species‐level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals
Analyses of life-history, ecological, and geographic trait differences among species, their causes, correlates, and likely consequences are increasingly important for understanding and conserving
Factors Affecting the Evolution and Behavioral Ecology of the Modern Bears
A preliminary interpretation of the social organization of the present day bears is given through the interactive framework of proximate ecological pressures, phylogenetic history, and learning.