Ecology of Cave Arthropods

@article{Howarth1983EcologyOC,
  title={Ecology of Cave Arthropods},
  author={F. Howarth},
  journal={Annual Review of Entomology},
  year={1983},
  volume={28},
  pages={365-389}
}
  • F. Howarth
  • Published 1983
  • Biology
  • Annual Review of Entomology
Why some species of animals would lose such obviously adaptive characters as eyes and pigmentation to live only in the seemingly inhospitable environ­ ment of caves has long intrigued both laymen and biologists. Evidence that early man recognized cave invertebrates dates back to an engraving of a cave cricket, Troglophilus sp., on a bison bone, discovered in a cave in the French Pyrenees (161), and believed to be 18,000 years old (86). However, serious studies on cave faunas began only about… Expand
The Ecological Classification of Cave Animals and Their Adaptations
TLDR
Common adaptations to cave life involve morphology, behavior, and physiology, and many compensatory traits have evolved, such as longer appendages, longer and more slender body, more and larger sensory structures, and specialized mouthparts and tarsi. Expand
Evolution of cave living in Hawaiian Schrankia (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with description of a remarkable new cave species
TLDR
This is the first example of an apparently cave-adapted species that occurs in caves on two separate Hawaiian islands and it is suggested that this normally cave-limited species is able to colonize other, geographically separated caves via above-ground dispersal. Expand
Spiders in caves
  • S. Mammola, M. Isaia
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2017
TLDR
This work provides a general overview of the spider families recorded in hypogean habitats worldwide, a review of the different adaptations of hypOgean spiders to subterranean life, and summary of the information gathered so far about their origin, population structure, ecology and conservation status. Expand
The invertebrate cave fauna of Tasmania : ecology and conservation biology
TLDR
The invertebrate cave fauna of Tasmania is reviewed, based on collections from more than 130 caves in 31 karst areas, and the disjunct distribution patterns shown by some genera of harvestmen and beetles support the Pleistocene-effect theory to explain the evolution of terrestrial troglobites. Expand
Review: The Dark Side of Relict Species Biology: Cave Animals as Ancient Lineages
TLDR
This chapter focuses on the extremes (e.g., absence of eyes, specialization to extreme environments), and serves as an introduction to understand the geographic distribution patterns and history of these highly diverse ecological groups with their relict characteristics. Expand
The importance of ants in cave ecology, with new records and behavioral observations of ants in Arizona caves
TLDR
First cave records for ten ant species are reported from Arizona caves, suggesting ants are relatively common cave visitors and a general utilization of caves by ants within both temperate and tropical latitudes may be inferred from this combined evidence. Expand
The Hawaiian cave planthoppers (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea: Cixiidae) - a model for rapid subterranean speciation?
TLDR
Field observations have led to the development of a hypothesis to match underground speciation with the dynamics of vegetational succession on the surface of active volcanoes, and to provide evidence for reproductive isolation between allopatric populations which may in fact be separate species. Expand
Cave-Dwelling Arthropods and Vertebrates of North Rim Grand Canyon, with Notes on Ecology and Management
TLDR
Future directions for conservation and management for caves on Grand Canyon—Parashant National Monument, northwestern Arizona are provided based on invertebrate and vertebrate inventory work conducted during 2005 and 2006 and the lack of cave-adapted arthropods is considered of high management concern. Expand
Population ecology ofGoniosoma spelaeum, a cavernicolous harvestman from south‐eastern Brazil (Arachnida: Opiliones: Gonyleptidae)
TLDR
Goniosoma spelaeum (Mello-Leitao) is a widespread trogloxene harvestman in caves of the Ribeira Valley in Sao Paulo State that shows a high degree of philopartry, and recapture rate was high. Expand
Arthropods of Alpine Aeolian Ecosystems
TLDR
The emphasis of this review is on alpine communities, and Swan (92) drew attention to the widespread distribution of such environments in alpine regions and coined the term aeolian for them, thereby explicitly recognizing the role of wind in the transport of nutrients. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...