Ecology and status of the Caracal, Caracal caracal, (Carnivora: Felidae), in the Abbasabad Naein Reserve, Iran

  title={Ecology and status of the Caracal, Caracal caracal, (Carnivora: Felidae), in the Abbasabad Naein Reserve, Iran},
  author={Mohammad S. Farhadinia and Hossein Akbari and Mohammad Hossein Beheshti and Arash Sadeghi},
  journal={Zoology in the Middle East},
  pages={10 - 5}
Abstract A Caracal survey was carried out between 2002 and 2006 in the Abbasabad Reserve, which covers more than 300,000 ha in eastern Esfahan province and which is one of the best habitats for this species in Iran. It was found to occur mainly in desert mountains and hilly terrain where rodents and hares are abundant. 80% of direct observations were made from solitary individuals and the remainder in groups of two. Although rodents, hares and ground birds form the main part of the Caracal diet… 
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Between March 1996 and January 1997 an adult male caracal was radio-tracked in the northern steppe desert of Saudi Arabia; total home range increased from 270 km 2 in winter and spring to 448 km 2 by the end of summer, reaching 1116 km 2 by January 1997.
The importance of rodents in the diet of jungle cat (Felis chaus), caracal (Caracal caracal) and golden jackal (Canis aureus) in Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, India
The diet of three small carnivores from a semi-arid part of western India was studied through scat analysis, and the importance of rodents in their diet was estimated as a percentage of their daily energy requirement, showing that rodents were more important as prey for the felids than the jackal.
Home-range use, activity, and density of caracal in relation to prey density
The use by caracal of specific plant communities showed a significant positive correlation to prey biomass of rodents and short-term use of space was related to concurrent availability of prey.
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