Ecology and ecosystem impacts of common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica): a review

@article{Knight2007EcologyAE,
  title={Ecology and ecosystem impacts of common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica): a review},
  author={Kathleen S. Knight and Jessica S. Kurylo and A. G. Endress and J. Ryan Stewart and Peter B. Reich},
  journal={Biological Invasions},
  year={2007},
  volume={9},
  pages={925-937}
}
In this review, we synthesize the current knowledge of the ecology and impacts of Rhamnus cathartica L., a shrub from Europe and Asia that is a successful invader in North America. Physiological studies have uncovered traits including shade tolerance, rapid growth, high photosynthetic rates, a wide tolerance of moisture and drought, and an unusual phenology that may give R. cathartica an advantage in the environments it invades. Its high fecundity, bird-dispersed fruit, high germination rates… Expand
Flood Tolerance in Common Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)
TLDR
Allocation of biomass to above- versus below-ground tissues showed that both young and old saplings have similar biomass allocation patterns in relation to soil moisture treatments, suggesting that R. cathartica exhibits tolerance to periodic flooding, and that this may partly explain its invasion of certain wetland habitats in North America. Expand
Invasive earthworms interact with abiotic conditions to influence the invasion of common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)
TLDR
The results suggest that the action of earthworms may provide a pathway through which buckthorn invades forests of the Upper Midwest United States, and researchers and managers should consider co-invasion of plants and earthworms when investigating invasibility and creating preemptive or post-inv invasion management plans. Expand
The biology of Canadian weeds. 139. Rhamnus cathartica L.
TLDR
European buckthorn, Rhamnus cathartica L., is an introduced shrub or small tree of forests, thickets, open pastures, hedgerows, roadsides, and riparian habitats in Canada, and is particularly abundant in southern Ontario. Expand
Effects of Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn) stand age on decomposition
TLDR
Though there are notable differences in the leaf litter chemistry of juvenile and mature buckthorn shrubs, it is unclear how this may impact decomposition, which is crucial for predicting effects on forest communities and for improving management. Expand
Processes regulating the invasion of European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) in three habitats of the northeastern United States
TLDR
A combination of low dispersal by frugivores, low seed survivalDue to predation, and low seedling survival due to dim light conditions apparently prevents R. cathartica from invasion of intact maple forests of the authors' area. Expand
Determining the effects the combined growth Alliaria petiolata and Rhamnus cathartica have on soil composition.
TLDR
Test the soil from areas with just buckthorn stands, just garlic mustard patches, and then areas where the two plants are growing together showed a trend that supported the hypothesis that soil composition differed when the two Plants were growing together, and this information collected is useful to gaining a better understanding of how theTwo plants interact and their possible effects on the soil. Expand
Allelopathic invasive tree (Rhamnus cathartica) alters native plant communities
TLDR
Examination of an invasive, non-native tree/shrub (Rhamnus cathartica) at Tifft Nature Preserve and in the highly invaded urban forest provides evidence that it is highly allelopathic in its invaded range, that R. catharticas roots have an allelopathy effect and that some plant species appear immune. Expand
Implications of Manipulations of Soil Quality on the Growth of European Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) in a Greenhouse
TLDR
It is suggested that amending soils in sites set aside for biodiversity conservation and restoration may result in reduced growth of this invasive shrub by altering soil quality by adding mulch comprised of buckthorn wood on above and belowground biomass, stem length and leaf production of Buckthorn saplings. Expand
Above‐ and Belowground Impacts of European Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) on Four Native Forbs
TLDR
Buckthorn's impacts on native plants exceed effects attributable to light levels and soil fertility, suggesting allelopathy, and additional research is needed to learn how best to control buckthorns' impacts onnative plant communities. Expand
Rhamnus cathartica (Rosales: Rhamnaceae) Invasion Reduces Ground-Dwelling Insect Abundance and Diversity in Northeast Iowa Forests
TLDR
Results clearly show a negative impact of buckthorn invasion on the abundance and taxonomic richness of ground-dwelling insects in forests of northeastern Iowa. Expand
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