Ecology: Clouded futures

  title={Ecology: Clouded futures},
  author={J. Alan Pounds and Robert Puschendorf},
Global warming is altering the distribution and abundance of plant and animal species. Application of a basic law of ecology predicts that many will vanish if temperatures continue to rise. 

Figures from this paper

Ecology: Compensating for Extinction
  • P. Kareiva
  • Environmental Science
    Current Biology
  • 2004
Amphibian communities in disturbed forests: lessons from the Neo- and Afrotropics
Timber harvesting is currently the most common commercial utilisation activity in tropical forests. Assessing the effects of logging on different aspects of biodiversity and general ecosystem
Response to Comment on “Erosion of Lizard Diversity by Climate Change and Altered Thermal Niches”
We derived physiological models that accurately predicted extinctions of Mexican and other lizards. Clusella-Trullas and Chown argue that global forecasts are unreliable without incorporating
Bird Species and Climate Change: The Global Status Report: A synthesis of current scientific understanding of anthropogenic climate change impacts on global bird species now, and projected future effects
This review seeks to provide a global overview of current effects of climate change on birds as well as a picture of future impacts. It provides a scientific assessment of current research data,
Distribution models for the amphibian chytrid Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Costa Rica: proposing climatic refuges as a conservation tool
Aim  We use novel data on the occurrence of the amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Costa Rica to model its potential distribution in that country.
Mortality Gradients within and among Dominant Plant Populations as Barometers of Ecosystem Change During Extreme Drought
Investigation of patterns of mortality in six dominant plant species during a drought in the southwestern United States revealed three major patterns: dominant species from diverse habitat types exhibited significant mortality, indicating that the effects of drought were widespread, and all dominant species showed localized patterns of very high mortality consistent with water stress gradients.
Climate change and the fate of cereal aphids in Southern Britain
Climate change will drive dramatic changes in the abundance and distribution of species. Assessing the impacts of climate change on our agricultural systems is essential for mitigation planning.
Deadly combination of genes and drought: increased mortality of herbivore‐resistant trees in a foundation species
The findings suggest that genetic variation in a population can be an important factor in determining its response to future climate change, and argue for the inclusion of genetics into models developed to understand the consequences of climate change.
Biodiversity: Importance and Climate Change Impacts
Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms, including genetic and structural difference between individual and within and between individual and within and between species. Biodiversity
Emerging infectious disease and the loss of biodiversity in a Neotropical amphibian community.
  • K. Lips, Forrest Brem, J. P. Collins
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2006
An outbreak of chytridiomycosis in Panama is described and it is argued that this infectious disease has played an important role in amphibian population declines and the high virulence and large number of potential hosts of this emerging infectious disease threaten global amphibian diversity.


Climate and amphibian declines
The decline in the numbers of amphibians in many parts of the world is likely to be a key factor — but with complicated links to the immediate causes of these population declines.
Biological response to climate change on a tropical mountain
Recent warming has caused changes in species distribution and abundance, but the extent of the effects is unclear. Here we investigate whether such changes in highland forests at Monteverde, Costa
Global Amphibian Declines: A Problem in Applied Ecology
The results suggest that most amphibian populations should decrease more often than they increase, due to highly variable recruitment and less variable adult mortality.
Climate change in Australian tropical rainforests: an impending environmental catastrophe
  • S. Williams, E. Bolitho, S. Fox
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2003
The impacts of global climate change in the tropical rainforests of northeastern Australia have the potential to result in many extinctions, and bioclimatic models of spatial distribution for the regionally endemic rainforest vertebrates are developed to predict the effects of climate warming on species distributions.
Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants
A consistent temperature-related shift is revealed in species ranging from molluscs to mammals and from grasses to trees, suggesting that a significant impact of global warming is already discernible in animal and plant populations.
Complex causes of amphibian population declines
Climate-induced reductions in water depth at oviposition sites have caused high mortality of embryos by increasing their exposure to UV-B radiation and, consequently, their vulnerability to infection, indicating the role of large-scale climatic patterns involving the tropical Pacific.
Extinction risk from climate change
Estimates of extinction risks for sample regions that cover some 20% of the Earth's terrestrial surface show the importance of rapid implementation of technologies to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and strategies for carbon sequestration.
Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America.
  • L. Berger, R. Speare, H. Parkes
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1998
Experimental data support the conclusion that cutaneous chytridiomycosis is a fatal disease of anurans, and it is hypothesize that it is the proximate cause of these recent amphibian declines.
Emerging disease of amphibians cured by elevated body temperature.
It is found that thermal environment affects the progress of the disease, and that housing frogs Litoria chloris at an environmental temperature of 37 degrees C for less than 16 h can clear them of the chytrid pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis.
Simulating the effects of climate change on tropical montane cloud forests
Tropical montane cloud forests are unique among terrestrial ecosystems in that they are strongly linked to regular cycles of cloud formation. We have explored changes in atmospheric parameters from