Ecology, acoustics and chromosomes of the East African genus Afroanthracites Hemp & Ingrisch (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae, Conocephalinae, Agraeciini) with the description of new species

@article{Hemp2014EcologyAA,
  title={Ecology, acoustics and chromosomes of the East African genus Afroanthracites Hemp \& Ingrisch (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae, Conocephalinae, Agraeciini) with the description of new species},
  author={Claudia Hemp and Klaus‐Gerhard Heller and Elżbieta Warchałowska-Śliwa and Beata Grzywacz and Andreas Hemp},
  journal={Organisms Diversity \& Evolution},
  year={2014},
  volume={15},
  pages={351-368}
}
The flightless Agraeciini genus Afroanthracites, a genus restricted to East Africa, is reviewed and two new species are described. Exemplary for the genus Afroanthracites, the ecological niche of Afroanthracites montium from Mt Kilimanjaro is defined. A. montium occupies habitats in humid and perhumid conditions and thus shows a broad altitudinal range (1250–2700 m). Concerning the acoustic communication, it is remarkable that within the micropterous genus a trend to low carrier frequencies is… 
Highly divergent karyotypes and barcoding of the East African genus Gonatoxia Karsch (Orthoptera: Phaneropterinae)
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The molecular phylogeny based on the COI locus supported the monophyly of the genus Gonatoxia and separateness of the five examined species in accordance with their morphological features and chromosome numbers as well as the species’ distribution.
Dispersal and speciation of East African mountain bushcrickets of the genus Phlesirtes (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Conocephalinae, Conocephalini) related to climate fluctuations
TLDR
Taking together, the biogeographical patterns seen in Phlesirtes and its molecular phylogeny suggest a migration scenario: the mountain ranges acting as stepping stones, enabling a spread of PhlesIRTes ancestors during periods of favourable climatic conditions in the past.
From Eastern Arc Mountains to extreme sexual dimorphism: systematics of the enigmatic assassin bug genus Xenocaucus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Tribelocephalinae)
The Eastern Arc Mountains (EAM) have long been recognized as an area of extraordinary endemic biodiversity but have remained understudied compared to other biodiversity hotspots. The tribelocephaline
Topography and climatic fluctuations boosting speciation: biogeography and a molecular phylogeny of the East African genera Afroanthracites Hemp & Ingrisch and Afroagraecia Ingrisch & Hemp (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae, Conocephalinae, Agraeciini)
Based on faunistic lists documenting the distribution of taxa and molecular data, a phylogenetic tree of African Agraeciini is presented and detailed hypotheses of speciation patterns discussed. It
Hyperdiverse songs, duetting, and the roles of intra- and intersexual selection in the acoustic communication of the genus Eurycorypha (Orthoptera: Tettigonioidea, Phaneropterinae)
TLDR
Here, data is presented of the songs of 14 East African species of the duetting genus Eurycorypha, extremely diverse differing in many parameters and containing up to three different syllable types grouped into various echemes and interpreted as part of intrasexual selection.
Singers in the grass: call description of conehead katydids (family: Tettigoniidae) and observations on avoidance of acoustic overlap
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A molecular phylogeny of East African Amytta (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae, Meconematinae) with data on their cytogenetics
TLDR
It is concluded that the radiation of Amytta species is geological young and biogeographical patterns caused by climatic fluctuations of the past seen also in other nonrelated Orthoptera taxa such as the coptacrine genus Parepistaurus are the drivers of biodiversity in the area.
Rapid chromosomal evolution in the bush-cricket Gonatoxia helleri Hemp, 2016 (Orthoptera, Phaneropterinae).
TLDR
It is suggested that chromosomal translocations lead to diversification and speciation in this species and could be the driving force of adaptive radiation.
Ultrasonic bioacoustics and stridulum morphology reveal cryptic species among Lipotactes big-eyed katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Lipotactinae) from Borneo
TLDR
It is established that the specimens from Borneo are different from L. virescens and that the populations from Kuala Belalong, Belait, and Sandakan represent different ethospecies, and it is demonstrated that both stridulum morphology and call structures can be useful in separating Lipotactinae species.
A new species of Philoscirtus (Orthoptera: Phaneropteridae: Mecopodinae) from the West Usambara Mountains of Tanzania and its conservation status.
TLDR
The biogeographical distribution of species from West Usambaran forests is discussed indicating on one hand that there must have been isolating mechanisms within the WestUsambara Mountains and on the other that part of the observed biodiversity in flightless Orthoptera is due to speciation processes not older than approximately 2 million years.
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