Ecological specialization and trade affect the outcome of negotiations in mutualism.

  title={Ecological specialization and trade affect the outcome of negotiations in mutualism.},
  author={Emily Grman and Todd M. P. Robinson and Christopher A. Klausmeier},
  journal={The American naturalist},
  volume={179 5},
By definition, mutualisms involve the exchange of goods or services between partners. It has been shown that mutualism can grade into parasitism, but even when exchange is mutually beneficial, a conflict of interest remains because each partner benefits from reaping more benefits at a lower cost. Metaphorically, the partners negotiate the conditions of trade, the outcome of which will determine the net benefit to each partner. Each partner can adjust its allocation to self-provisioning while… CONTINUE READING
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