Ecological solutions to reef degradation: optimizing coral reef restoration in the Caribbean and Western Atlantic

@inproceedings{Lirman2016EcologicalST,
  title={Ecological solutions to reef degradation: optimizing coral reef restoration in the Caribbean and Western Atlantic},
  author={Diego Lirman and Stephanie A. Schopmeyer},
  booktitle={PeerJ},
  year={2016}
}
Reef restoration activities have proliferated in response to the need to mitigate coral declines and recover lost reef structure, function, and ecosystem services. Here, we describe the recent shift from costly and complex engineering solutions to recover degraded reef structure to more economical and efficient ecological approaches that focus on recovering the living components of reef communities. We review the adoption and expansion of the coral gardening framework in the Caribbean and… CONTINUE READING