Ecological catastrophe in connection with the impact of the Kaali meteorite about 800–400 B.C. on the island of Saaremaa, Estonia

  title={Ecological catastrophe in connection with the impact of the Kaali meteorite about 800–400 B.C. on the island of Saaremaa, Estonia},
  author={Siim Veski and Atko Heinsalu and Kalle Kirsim{\"a}e and Anneli Poska and Leili Saarse},
  journal={Meteoritics \& Planetary Science},
Abstract— A sequence of peat enriched with impact ejecta (allochthonous minerals and iridium) from Piila bog, 6 km away from the Kaali impact crater (island of Saaremaa, Estonia), was examined using pollen, radiocarbon, loss‐on‐ignition, and x‐ray diffraction analyses to date and assess the environmental effect of the impact. The vegetation in the surroundings of the Piila bog before the Kaali impact was a fen surrounded by forest in natural conditions. Significant changes occur in pollen… 

The age of the Kaali meteorite craters and the effect of the impact on the environment and man: evidence from inside the Kaali craters, island of Saaremaa, Estonia

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The soil in and around the Kaali meteorite craters in the SE part of Saaremaa Island contains a large number of micrometeorites and abounds in pulverized extraterrestrial and impactite matter. The

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Pollen analyses and radiocarbon dates from the bottom sediments in the Kaali main crater suggested that the crater group is at least 4000–5000 years old. Investigations of silicate impact

An anthropogenic origin of the “Sirente crater,” Abruzzi, Italy

Abstract— In this paper, we review the recent hypothesis, based mostly on geomorphological features, that a ∼130 m‐wide sag pond, surrounded by a saddle‐shaped rim from the Sirente plain (Abruzzi,

Settings of Meteorite Impact Structures in the Svecofennian Crustal Domain

The Svecofennian Domain, located on the western part of the East European Craton, is a uniform crustal segment with an age of the basement of ~1.9 Ga. Together with younger (1.5 – 1.8 Ga) transition

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The biostratigraphy of sediments deposited in the Lake Kaali meteorite impact structure, Saaremaa island, Estonia

SAARSE, LEILI, RAJAMÄE, RAIVO, HEINSALU, ATKO and VASSILJEV, JYRI 1991. The biostratigraphy of sediments deposited in the Lake Kaali meteorite impact structure, Saaremaa island, Estonia. Bull. Geol.

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Three pollen profiles from Saaremaa Island (West Estonian Archipelago) record vegetation history from the early Holocene up to the present, and land-use history since the late Mesolithic. A new

Extraterrestrial impacts and wildfires

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This handbook reviews the key palaeoecological methods applied to primarily organic lake and mire deposits. Particular attention is paid to Holocene environmental changes in the temperate zone, but

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THE origin of the explosion over Tunguska, central Siberia, in 1908 has long been an enigma. Models1–3 of the disruption of solid objects entering the atmosphere indicate that the Tunguska explosion

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