Ecological and Evolutionary Stabilities of Biotrophism, Necrotrophism, and Saprotrophism

  title={Ecological and Evolutionary Stabilities of Biotrophism, Necrotrophism, and Saprotrophism},
  author={Sayaki U. Suzuki and Akira Sasaki},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  pages={90 - 103}
Fungi have multiple trophic behaviors, including biotrophism (parasitism on living hosts), necrotrophism (parasitism through killing host tissues), and saprotrophism (feeding on decaying organic matter). Historical classifications of plant pathogens are based on many different axes, including their trophic dependence on living and dead plants, their pathogenicity and mutualistic relationship to host plants, and their transmission pathways and infection mechanisms. Such diverse classifications… 
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