Ecological and Evolutionary Responses to Recent Climate Change

  title={Ecological and Evolutionary Responses to Recent Climate Change},
  author={Camille Parmesan},
  journal={Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics},
  • C. Parmesan
  • Published 7 November 2006
  • Environmental Science
  • Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
Ecological changes in the phenology and distribution of plants and animals are occurring in all well-studied marine, freshwater, and terrestrial groups. These observed changes are heavily biased in the directions predicted from global warming and have been linked to local or regional climate change through correlations between climate and biological variation, field and laboratory experiments, and physiological research. Range-restricted species, particularly polar and mountaintop species, show… 

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