Ecological Risk Assessment for Aquatic Organisms from Over-Water Uses of Glyphosate

@article{Solomon2003EcologicalRA,
  title={Ecological Risk Assessment for Aquatic Organisms from Over-Water Uses of Glyphosate},
  author={Keith R. Solomon and Dean G. Thompson},
  journal={Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B},
  year={2003},
  volume={6},
  pages={289 - 324}
}
Although the herbicide glyphosate is most widely used in agriculture, some is used for the control of emergent aquatic weeds in ditches, wetlands, and margins of water bodies, largely as the formulation Rodeo. This article presents an ecological risk assessment (ERA) of glyphosate and some of the recommended surfactants as used in or near aquatic systems. Glyphosate does not bioaccumulate, biomagnify, or persist in a biologically available form in the environment. Its mechanism of action is… 
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This review is designed to update previous reviews of glyphosate‐based herbicide toxicity, with a focus on recent studies of the aquatic toxicity of this class of chemicals.
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The lack of significant toxicity of Roundup WeatherMax alone, as well as the observation of delayed interactive or indirect effects of the mixture of herbicide and nutrients attest to the value of manipulative field experiments as part of a comprehensive, tiered approach to risk assessments in ecotoxicology.
The Effects of Glyphosate and Its Commercial Formulations to Marine Invertebrates: A Review
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Results of long-lasting experiments indicate that glyphosate can markedly affect biological responses of marine invertebrates, and more efforts should be addressed at evaluating chronic or sub-chronic effects of such substances to Marine invertebrate species.
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