Ecological Restoration in the Light of Ecological History

  title={Ecological Restoration in the Light of Ecological History},
  author={Stephen T. Jackson and Richard J. Hobbs},
  pages={567 - 569}
Ecological history plays many roles in ecological restoration, most notably as a tool to identify and characterize appropriate targets for restoration efforts. However, ecological history also reveals deep human imprints on many ecological systems and indicates that secular climate change has kept many targets moving at centennial to millennial time scales. Past and ongoing environmental changes ensure that many historical restoration targets will be unsustainable in the coming decades… 

The changing role of history in restoration ecology

In the face of rapid environmental and cultural change, orthodox concepts in restoration ecology such as historical fidelity are being challenged. Here we re-examine the diverse roles played by

Ecological Dynamics and Ecological Restoration

In ecological restoration we are faced with the challenge of making decisions about ecosystem management with imperfect information about system dynamics and trajectories. For example, a restoration

Restoration Ecology, Resilience, and the Axes of Change1

  • D. Falk
  • Environmental Science
    Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • 2017
Resilience-based management supplements traditional ecological restoration where stressors of change make the reestablishment of historical communities difficult or maladaptive and is illustrated with examples drawn primarily from the interior of western North America.

Past Imperfect: Using Historical Ecology and Baseline Data for Conservation and Restoration Projects in North America

Conservation and restoration programs usually involve nostalgic claims about the past, along with calls to return to that past or recapture some aspect of it. Knowledge of history is essential for

Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration.

When and where to actively restore ecosystems

When and where to actively restore ecosystems ?

Given the extent of land use and land cover change by humans on a global scale, conservation efforts have increasingly focused on restoring degraded ecosystems to provide ecosystem services and

Building Resilience in Ecological Restoration Processes: A Social-Ecological Perspective

Ecological restoration is a means of addressing the ongoing and pervasive degradation of ecological systems. Although the aim of ecological restoration is ecosystem recovery, efforts based on an

Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate: Promises and Perils

F ecological restorationists, it is axiomatic that biodiversity is a key foundation upon which ecosystem functioning depends. We accept that loss of diversity can have catastrophic effects on



Restoration Ecology: Interventionist Approaches for Restoring and Maintaining Ecosystem Function in the Face of Rapid Environmental Change

Restoration ecology provides the conceptual and practical frameworks to guide management interventions aimed at repairing environmental damage. Restoration activities range from local to regional and

Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems

Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution, degradation of water quality, and anthropogenic climate change.

Paleoecology and ecosystem restoration: case studies from Chesapeake Bay and the Florida Everglades

Climate extremes that cause droughts, floods, or large temperature fluctuations can complicate ecosystem restoration efforts focused on local and regional human disturbance. Restoration targets are

The Importance of Land-Use Legacies to Ecology and Conservation

Abstract Recognition of the importance of land-use history and its legacies in most ecological systems has been a major factor driving the recent focus on human activity as a legitimate and essential

Woodland-to-forest transition during prolonged drought in Minnesota after ca. AD 1300.

Tree-ring data from the "Big Woods" of central Minnesota show a peak in the recruitment of key Big Woods tree species during the AD 1930s drought and suggest that low regional moisture balance need not have been a limiting factor for forest expansion.

Vegetation, environment, and time: The origination and termination of ecosystems

Abstract Terrestrial ecosystems originate when particular plant species attain dominance at specific locations under specific environmental regimes. Ecosystems terminate, gradually or abruptly, when

Management of novel ecosystems: are novel approaches required?

Few resources currently exist to support the addition of proactive measures and rigorous experimental designs to current management activities, so rapid information transfer and proactive research–management activities by the scientific community are needed.

Epilogue: Toward a Transdisciplinary Science of Ecological and Cultural Landscape Restoration

To bridge the gaps between restoration as a science and as a practice, restoration ecology has to broaden its scope toward transdisciplinarity in close cooperation with landscape ecologists and other

Novel ecosystems: theoretical and management aspects of the new ecological world order

We e xplore the issues relevant to those types of ecosystems containing new combinations of species that arise through human action, environmental change, and the impacts of the deliberate and

Ecology and the ratchet of events: Climate variability, niche dimensions, and species distributions

Greater predictive capacity, and more-fundamental ecological and biogeographic understanding, will come from integration of correlational niche modeling with mechanistic niche modeling, dynamic ecological modeling, targeted experiments, and systematic observations of past and present patterns and dynamics.