Ecological Inference from Goodman to King

@article{Kousser2001EcologicalIF,
  title={Ecological Inference from Goodman to King},
  author={J. Morgan Kousser},
  journal={Historical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History},
  year={2001},
  volume={34},
  pages={101 - 126}
}
  • J. M. Kousser
  • Published 1 January 2001
  • Economics
  • Historical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History
Since it was introduced to historians nearly three decades ago, a statistical technique known as ecological regression has been widely used to analyze aggregate election returns and similar data in history, political science, and law, and methodologists have discussed problems with, extensions of, and alternatives to the technique. The literature has become so vast and complicated, and recent contributions to it are of such importance, that it is time for a comprehensive review. This… 
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In the last few years, new disputes have erupted over the use of group averages from census areas or voting districts to draw inferences about individual social behaviour. Social scientists, policy
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Correlation, Regression, and the Ecological Fallacy: A Critique Frequently, historians interested in quantitatively describing the behavior of individuals have access only to information that
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I appreciate the editor's invitation to reply to Freedman et al.'s (1998) review of A Solution to the Ecological Inference Problem: Reconstructing Individual Behavior from Aggregate Data (Princeton
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Ecological regression is a statistical mainstay in litigation brought under the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The technique is discussed in the context of a suit against the County of Los Angeles that
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After more than a decade's impressive achievement in the “new” social history and the “new” political history, two distinct though related problems require us to reconsider the data appropriate to
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Ecological regression analysis is concerned with the inference of individual level relationships from aggregate level data. A first method for this type of inference, which here is compared to Leo
Iterative Approaches to R x C Ecological Inference Problems: Where They Can Go Wrong
TLDR
The paper develops this argument abstractly and illustrates it with the example of coloured voting during the 1994 South African elections, and explores methods for averting the problem, both “quick fixes” within the context of King's program, as well ones that move in substantially new directions.
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