Eco-biology, impact, and management of Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

  title={Eco-biology, impact, and management of Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.},
  author={Arslan Masood Peerzada and Hafiz Haider Ali and Zarka Hanif and Ali Ahsan Bajwa and Lynda Kebaso and David Frimpong and Nadeem Iqbal and Halima Namubiru and Saima Hashim and Ghulam Rasool and Sudheesh Manalil and Annemieke van der Meulen and Bhagirath Singh Chauhan},
  journal={Biological Invasions},
Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. is ranked among the worst and extensively disseminated weed species. It is emerging as a potential menace for agroecosystems in 53 different countries across the world. This weed is adapted to warmer regions and is native to Mediterranean areas of Africa, Asia, and Europe. In the mid-1900s, cultivation of this weed species as a potential forage crop resulted in its escape from crop fields and invasion of agricultural and natural areas, but in some European countries… 
Key Aspects on the Biology, Ecology and Impacts of Johnsongrass [Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers] and the Role of Glyphosate and Non-Chemical Alternative Practices for the Management of This Weed in Europe
The adoption of integrated weed management techniques such as glyphosate use, crop rotation, and deep tillage is strongly recommended to control plant species that originate from both seed and rhizomes.
Early planting, management of edges and non-crop habitats reduce potyvirus infection in maize
It is shown that the early planting, the management of edges and the presence of non-crop habitats are key factors, showing that biodiversity in the landscape decreases the incidence of viruses.
Impact of an invasive weed, Parthenium hysterophorus, on a pasture community in south east Queensland, Australia
This study evaluates the impact of parthenium weed upon species diversity in a pasture community at Kilcoy, south east Queensland, Australia and shows the long-term impact of this annual weed on the soil seed bank where it had displaced several native species.
Invasive Johnsongrass, a threat to native grasslands and agriculture
This review provides a historical and research overview on Johnsongrass expansion, its current as well future impact particularly on North American and European grasslands and agriculture.
Summer roadside vegetation dominated by Sorghum halepense in peninsular Italy: survey and classification
Sorghum halepense is a synanthropic tall grass distributed worldwide from tropical to temperate zones, and it is often considered an invasive alien. It is a perennial, rhizomatous plant that tends to
Allelopathic Effect of Aqueous Extracts of Stinkwort (Dittrichia graveolens L.) on Germination and Growth of Some Weed Species
The experiment was implemented by CRD design with three replications and lasted for 40 days, from 5 October until 15 November 2020. Four extract concentrations of D. graveolens 0, 2, 6, and 10% were
Potential for endozoochorous seed dispersal by sheep and goats: Risk of weed seed transport via animal faeces
Seed dispersal by animals is not only important in rangelands and natural ecosystems, but also in non-grazed ones, and seeds of weed species infesting forage production farms are reported to be frequent in daily diet of livestock.
Screening of active formulation from combined sunflower (Helianthus annuus) and neem (Azadirachta indica) aqueous extract to control growth of lesser canary grass (Phalaris minor).
The findings suggested ‘F3’ as the most effective formulation prepared by combining one part of aqueous extracts of Helianthus annuus with three parts of Azadirachta indica extract, as its application stimulated the shoot length of wheat and inhibited the root length of canary grass plants.
Target-site cross-resistance to ALS inhibitors in johnsongrass originating from Greek cornfields
Abstract Five johnsongrass populations collected from corn grown in northern Greece were studied to elucidate the levels and mechanisms of resistance to acetolactate synthase (ALS)- and acetyl-CoA


THE BIOLOGY OF CANADIAN WEEDS.: 61. Sorghum halepense (L.) PERS.
A review of biological information is provided for Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers., Johnson grass. A native of southern Eurasia to India, S. halepense occurs as a weed in most tropical and temperate
Control of Sorghum halepense (L.) species in western part of Romania.
A study was made having as objects the latest herbicides synthesized in the world, finding the best results in the control of Sorghum halepense obtained by applying the Mistral herbicide and the lowest degree of efficacy was recorded by the herbicide Terano.
Allelopathic effects of water extracts of Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers., Convolvulus arvensis L. and Cirsium arvense Scop. on early seedling growth of some leguminous crops
In order to study the allelopathic effect of aboveground dry biomass of Sorghum halepense, Convolvulus arvensis and Cirsium arvense on seed germination and early seedling growth of Pisum sativum, the results showed that weed extracts significantly decreased germination percentage, shoot and root length,shoot and root weight, and seed vigor index of the tested species.
Allelopathic potential of invasive alien weed Sorghum halepense(L.) Pers
The allelopathic potential of invasive alien weed Sorghum halepense(L.) Pers.(Johnsongrass) to wheat,maize and cotton was investigated by the laboratory tests of seed germination and seedling
Spread dynamics and agricultural impact of Sorghum halepense, an emerging invasive species in Central Europe
Analysis of distribution data set and results provide evidence that S. halepense will cause serious impacts for agriculture in Austria and probably in other countries of Central Europe.
Allelopathic potentials of residues of 6 brassica species on johnsongrass [Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.]
Parallel results for johnsongrass suppression and amount of isothiocyanates show that allelopathy play roles in johnsong rass suppression by brassica species, and it is concluded that the plants studied can be used to control john songrass.
Effect of weed allelopathic of sorghum (Sorghum halepense) on germination and seedling growth of wheat, Alvand cultivar
Overall these results showed that the allelopathic activities of aqueous extract of weeds on wheat, Alvand cultivar had significant deterrent effects.
Seed dispersal, distribution and recruitment of seedlings of Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.
Patteras of seed dispersal and seedling recruit ment of Sorghum halepense were compared in abandoned and cultivated fields in Argentina to study the temporal and spatial patterns of seed distribution.
Sorghum halepense (Johnson grass).
Abstract S. halepense is a perennial grass which can be cultivated for fodder, but is also an extremely invasive weed with a worldwide distribution. Its extensive spreading rhizome and shoot
Growth and survival of the Asian corn borer Ostrinia furnacalis Guenée (Lep: Pyralidae) on alternative hosts in Guam.
It is shown that Johnsongrass is an important host of the Asian corn borer on Guam when maize is not present, and the introduction of these grasses may have alter...