Ecoépidémiologie des leishmanioses en Syrie. 1 — Infestation de Psammomys obesus Cretzschmar (Rodentia-Gerbillidae) par Leishmania major Yakimoff et Schokhor (Kinetoplastida-Trypanosomatidae)

@article{Rioux1990EcopidmiologieDL,
  title={Eco{\'e}pid{\'e}miologie des leishmanioses en Syrie. 1 — Infestation de Psammomys obesus Cretzschmar (Rodentia-Gerbillidae) par Leishmania major Yakimoff et Schokhor (Kinetoplastida-Trypanosomatidae)},
  author={Jean-A. Rioux and Jacques Dereure and A. Khiami and Francine Pratlong and K. Sirdar and Matthias Lambert},
  journal={Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée},
  year={1990},
  volume={65},
  pages={203-207}
}
Une enquete ecoepidemiologique, menee dans le Sud-Ouest de la Syrie, sur les reservoirs de la leishmaniose cutanee zoonotique a permis d’isoler Leishmania major MON-26, chez Psammomys obesus terraesanctae (Rodentia-Gerbillidae). L’abondance du Rongeur, son contact etroit avec les villages contamines et la haute frequence d’infestation (62,3 %) en font le reservoir habituel du Bouton d’Orient dans la zone predesertique de la Syrie. 

Figures from this paper

Ecoepidemiology of leishmaniases in Syria. 3. Leishmania major infection in Psammomys obesus provides clues to life history of the rodent and possible control measures.
TLDR
Collections of Psammomys obesus from near Damascus, Syria in May 1990 and November 1991 contained animals of all ages and it is inferred that the breeding season is between October and May; transmission in summer is between old adults shortly before their death and young adults born in late winter or spring.
Leishmania major infection in the fat sand rat Psammomys obesus in Tunisia: interaction of host and parasite populations
TLDR
The causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis, Leishmania major, was studied in a Tunisian population of the fat sand rat, Psammomys obesus, and season and age acted in synergy so that the rodents were highly infected in late summer and in autumn.
Extension de Leishmania major au nord de l’Algérie
RésuméDepuis longtemps, la leishmaniose cutanée (LC) du nord à Leishmania infantum et la LC du sud à Leishmania major ont été nettement séparées par la chaîne montagneuse de l’Atlas tellien qui
[Ecoepidemiology of leishmaniases in Syria. 2--Presence, in dogs, of Leishmania infantum Nicolle and Leishmania tropica (Wright) (Kinetoplastida-Trypanonomatidae)].
In an ecoepidemiological study in the Syrian foci of human visceral (VL) and cutaneous (CL) leishmaniasis, domestic dogs infected with Leishmania infantum MON-1 and L. tropica MON-76 were found for
Spatial distribution of Psammomys obesus (Rodentia, Gerbillinae) in relation to vegetation in the Negev desert of Israel
Dans le desert du Negev, Psammomys obesus creuse des terriers dans le lit des oueds densement couverts de grands buissons d'Atriplex halimus, et sur la premiere terrasse fluviale qui est couverte de
[Spread of Leishmania major to the north of Algeria].
TLDR
This study highlights the spread of L. major from the arid zones towards the semi arid areas, particularly in the Soummam valley, and climate changes and desertification observed in the steppe area northern Sahara could play a role in the extension of the disease.
Cutaneous leishmaniasis in north Lebanon: re-emergence of an important neglected tropical disease.
TLDR
Evidence of possible local CL transmission by indigenous sandflies in three separate patients who had no history of recent travel to Syria is shown, highlighting the urgent necessity to implement preventive disease strategies to avoid further dispersion of L. tropica CL in north Lebanon.
Estimation of fat sand rat Psammomys obesus abundance by using surface indices
TLDR
To develop a method for monitoring changes in the population density of this rodent over large areas, fragments of food, faeces, urine marks, and earth mounds at the burrow entrance were evaluated as indicators of abundance and results were compared with population density measured simultaneously by trapping.
The Montpellier Leishmania Collection, from a Laboratory Collection to a Biological Resource Center: A 39-Year-Long Story.
TLDR
A retrospective analysis of the technical and organizational changes that have been adopted over time to take into account the technological advances and related modifications in the collection management and quality system of Leishmania is reported.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 10 REFERENCES
Leishmania infecting man and wild animals in Saudi Arabia. 3. Leishmaniasis in Psammomys obesus Cretzschmar in Al-Ahsa oasis.
Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is hyperenzootic in Psammomys obesus in Al-Ahsa oasis in Saudi Arabia: 93% of 202 specimens of this rodent examined had signs of the infection. Leishmania major
Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Jordan: biochemical identification of human and Psammomys obesus isolates as Leishmania major.
TLDR
All seven Jordan isolates showed enzyme electromorphs identical to L. major, confirming the authors' ecological/epidemiological studies that P. obesus is a major reservoir for human cutaneous leishmaniasis in Jordan.
Leishmania infecting man and wild animals in Saudi Arabia. 2. Leishmania arabica n. sp.
Leishmania in the Old World: 1. The geographical and hostal distribution of L. major zymodemes.
Leishmania infecting man and wild animals in Saudi Arabia. 1. General survey.
Taxonomy of Leishmania. Use of isoenzymes. Suggestions for a new classification.
The authors propose a new classification for the genus Leishmania Ross, 1903 based both on the use of intrinsic and extrinsic characters and on Linnean and Adansonian methods. The type of vertebrate
Les complexes Leishmania dono ­ vani s . st . Leishmania tropica et Leishmania major en Répu ­ blique Arabe du Yémen . Considérations taxonomiques et épi ­ démiologiques
  • Leishmania . Taxonomie et phylogenèse . Applications écoépidémiologiques ,
La leish ­ maniose cutanée humaine à Leishmania major MON - 26 aux environs de Damas ( Syrie )
  • Bull . Soc . Pathol . Exot .
  • 1991
Présence de Leishmania major MON - 26 au Mali
  • Ann . Parasitol . Hum . Comp .
  • 1989