Echocardiographic integrated backscatter for assessing reduction of aortic valve calcifications by R-568 in a rat model of chronic kidney disease.

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and secondary hyper-parathyroidism are associated with calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD). Innovative modalities for imaging CAVD are warranted. Our aim was to use echocardiographic calibrated integrated backscatter (cIB) to quantitatively determine the preventive effect of the calcimimetic R-568 on CAVD in a CKD rat model, and to compare the results with those of micro-computed tomography and histology. Thirty-six male Wistar rats were followed for 7 wk. Rats were divided into four groups with respect to treatment: (1) adenine 0.5% to induce CKD + vehicle; (2) adenine + R-568 (30 mg/kg/d); (3) control, normal diet + vehicle; (4) controls, normal diet + R-568. At week 7, cIB values of the aortic valve were significantly lower in R-568-treated group 2 than in vehicle-treated group 1. This was confirmed by the significantly lower calcified volume observed on micro-computed tomography and the calcified area observed on histology. There were no significant differences in fractional area change and aortic valve area between groups. In conclusion, echocardiographic cIB was able to quantitatively assess a reduction in CAVD by R-568 in a rat model of CKD.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2013.05.011

Cite this paper

@article{Roosens2013EchocardiographicIB, title={Echocardiographic integrated backscatter for assessing reduction of aortic valve calcifications by R-568 in a rat model of chronic kidney disease.}, author={Bram Roosens and Gezim Bala and Steven Droogmans and Jeroen Hostens and Joan Somja and El{\'e}onore Delvenne and Johan Schiettecatte and Philippe Delvenne and Vicky Caveliers and Tony Lahoutte and Guy van Camp and Bernard Cosyns}, journal={Ultrasound in medicine & biology}, year={2013}, volume={39 11}, pages={2075-83} }