Echocardiographic characteristics of professional football players.

  title={Echocardiographic characteristics of professional football players.},
  author={William B Abernethy and Joseph K. Choo and Adolph M. Hutter},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Cardiology},
  volume={41 2},
OBJECTIVES We examined the echocardiographic characteristics of highly trained American football players. BACKGROUND Intense physical training is associated with morphologic and physiologic cardiac changes often referred to as the "athlete's heart." Echocardiographic features peculiar to elite football players have not been described. METHODS We studied cardiac morphology and function as assessed by rest and stress echocardiography in 156 asymptomatic National Football League players… CONTINUE READING
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