Echocardiographic Ramp test for continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices: do loading conditions matter?


OBJECTIVES This study investigated whether continuous AI and/or elevated mean arterial pressure (MAP) were associated with false positive results for flow obstruction in echocardiographic ramp speed tests in patients with a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device. BACKGROUND Failure to reduce the left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) with… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jchf.2014.11.006


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