Ecce Bufo: The Toad in Nature and in Olmec Iconography

  title={Ecce Bufo: The Toad in Nature and in Olmec Iconography},
  author={Alison Kennedy},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={273 - 290}
Contribution presentee au 43 Congres international des Americanistes, Vancouver, aout 1979. La representation du crapaud dans l'iconographie olmeque. Comparaison avec les crapauds reels. 

Another Look at Bufo marinus and the San Lorenzo Olmec1

In 1968 the first archaeological discovery of marine toad remains, Bufo marinus, at an Olmec capital (Wing 1980, Coe and Diehl 1980) set the stage for influential reconstructions of ancient ritual


These experiments provide clear evidence of a psychoactive toad that could have been employed by Precolumbiae peoples of the Mesoamerica, and are the first documentation of a hallucinogenic agent from the animal kingdom.

Time, Power, and the Maya

  • P. Rice
  • Sociology
    Latin American Antiquity
  • 2008
Time is an abstract concept that has been examined relatively less by Americanist archaeologists as compared to Europeanists. The lack of consideration of time is particularly curious among

Aristotle, Buddhist scripture and embryology in ancient Mexico: building inclusion by re-thinking what counts as the history of developmental biology

A series of vignettes highlighting the rich history of embryological thinking in Asia and Latin America is provided, challenging the European-centric view of the history of scientific investigation and discovery in developmental biology.


Abstract As a complement to life histories authored by many researchers of Maya bones, this study narrates death histories. The latter entails detection of perimortem and postmortem changes to

Bufo toads and bufotenine: fact and fiction surrounding an alleged psychedelic.

The extensive literature surrounding the Bufo toad and bufotenine is examined, and many of the myths and the misinformation that continue to vex both science and popular reporting are untangled.

Misuse and legend in the "toad licking" phenomenon.

  • T. Lyttle
  • Political Science
    The International journal of the addictions
  • 1993
The uses of bufo toad secretions have occurred throughout history in a variety of cultural milieus and are explored as a backdrop to contemporary drug use/misuse issues.

A 4,000-year-old shaman’s stone cache at Casita de Piedra, western Panama

During new excavations at the preceramic rockshelter of Casita de Piedra in western Panama, a cache of 12 unusual stones was recovered near the back wall, dating to between 4800 and 4000 cal bp. The

Preparation of the Haitian Zombi Poison

  • E. W. Davis
  • Medicine
    Botanical Museum leaflets, Harvard University
  • 1983
Physicians familiar with three cases of zombification asked me in the spring of 1982 to investigate its organic composition in Haiti, and botanical and zoological determination of the voucher specimens indicates that the principle ingredients are consistent at three of the four localities and in four of the five poisons.

Identity of a New World Psychoactive Toad

These experiments are the first documentation of a hallucinogenic agent from the animal kingdom and provide clear evidence of a psychoactive toad that could have been employed by Precolumbiae peoples of the New World.



The Influence of Psychotropic Flora and Fauna on Maya Religion

An examination of Maya art from southern Mesoamerica shows the following art motifs appearing with some regularity throughout the archaeological record, from Pre-Classic to Post-Conquest times: (a)

On the Comparative Palatability of Some Dry-Season Tadpoles from Costa Rica

Tadpoles of eight species of frog were tasted in a standardized procedure by 11 volunteers and suggested that palatability in tadpoles may correlate inversely with vulnerability.

A History of Magic and Experimental Science

THE sixteenth century is commonly regarded as marking the birth of modern science. It owes this distinction mainly to the achievements of a small number of men, of whom Copernicus, Vesalius, Gilbert,

The Great Mountains and Forests of South America

IT was only a few months ago that we reviewed a book by the same author on The Great Deserts and Forests of North America.” We learn from the introduction to the present volume that it was originally

Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy

This extraordinary and superb volume on shamanism is the first complete history of this practice and possesses the erudition necessary to deal with the religious and medical aspects of shamanism in every part of the world.


  • P. RegalC. Gans
  • Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1976
It is proposed here that statements such as "tongue present" or "Tongue absent" and even "tongsue with free flap posteriorly," do not necessarily define shared character states, but conceal critical biomechanical complexity and evolutionary parallelisms.

Malay Poisons and Charm Cures

This is an analysis of the practices of the traditional Malay medicine man, as observed by an English doctor who lived for 18 years in Kelantan. It examines the drugs which the Malaysian bomors and

Widespread occurrence in frogs and toads of skin compounds interacting with the ouabain site of Na+, K+-ATPase.

Skin extracts from 30 of 48 species of frogs representing an additional eight families contained relatively low levels of compounds that inhibit binding of ouabain to Na+,K+-adenosinetriphosphatase.

The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

Acknowledgments List of Illustrations Figures Plates Preface to the Anniversary Edition by Paul Ekman Preface to the Third Edition by Paul Ekman Preface to the Second Edition by Francis Darwin

Far away and long ago.

  • L. Leloir
  • Education
    Annual review of biochemistry
  • 1983
The authors present here because it will be so easy for you to access the internet service and you can really keep in mind that the book is the best book for you.