East side story: the origin of humankind.

@article{Coppens1994EastSS,
  title={East side story: the origin of humankind.},
  author={Yves Coppens},
  journal={Scientific American},
  year={1994},
  volume={270 5},
  pages={
          88-95
        }
}
  • Y. Coppens
  • Published 1 May 1994
  • Biology
  • Scientific American
Humans are creatures whose roots lie in the animals. Accordingly, we find ourselves at the tip of one of the branches of an immense tree of life, a tree that has been developing and growing ever more diverse over a period of four billion years. From an evolutionary standpoint, it is important to locate the place and the time that our branch separated from the rest of the tree. It is these questions that the present article attempts to answer. When, where and why did the branch that led to us… 
The ‘East Side Story’ twenty years later
TLDR
The recent discoveries of upper Miocene hominoids in Africa suggest that the geographic aspect is the least important one, whereas the environmental and chronological ingredients can still be considered as crucial factors involved in the divergence between African apes and hominids.
Toward the Emergence of Hominids
TLDR
The main subject of this article is fossil hominoids, and some recent findings of early hominids are also mentioned to at the end.
Palaeoanthropology and the Evolutionary Place of Humans in Nature
TLDR
Along with this new research on the basal hominids has been a renewed interest about what it means to be Homo sapiens, molecular and fossil data shows that Africa was also the authors' homeland, and that all people today are descended from a small founder population in existence there between 50,000 and 200,000 years ago.
Fossil apes and human evolution
TLDR
The morphology of fossil apes was varied and it is likely that the last shared ape ancestor had its own set of traits, different from those of modern humans and modern apes, both of which have been undergoing separate suites of selection pressures.
Environmental Changes and Their Impacts on Life: A Paleontological Approach
39. By the way, this reasoning can be extended to oppositions between different human populations, given that our own species was born from a single, extremely recent African population (on the scale
Man's Closeness to the Apes Argues for a Soul
TLDR
The fields of molecular biology and genetics have opened the authors' eyes to the incredible complexity and fascinity of life; the work sequencing the human genome, the fifteen year Human Genome Project, is actually ahead of schedule.
First fossil chimpanzee
TLDR
These fossils, from the Kapthurin Formation, Kenya, show that representatives of Pan were present in the East African Rift Valley during the Middle Pleistocene, where they were contemporary with an extinct species of Homo.
Southern Africa: a cradle of evolution.
TLDR
It is likely that the early onset of arid biotopes in the Namib arose well before they occurred anywhere else in Africa, and started a long period of adaptation to semi-arid, arid and hyper-arids conditions, well removed from similarBiotopes in other parts of the world.
Chapter 7 – Early Hominin Ecology
  • J. Sept
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2015
Certain medical problems resulting from evolutionary processes: bipedalism as an example
TLDR
A brief overview is given of the most important anatomical challenges that these novel locomotory patterns required to be enegretically efficient are, as seen in the comparison between living African apes and humans.
...
...