East pacific rise: hot springs and geophysical experiments.

@article{Spiess1980EastPR,
  title={East pacific rise: hot springs and geophysical experiments.},
  author={Fred N. Spiess and Ken C. Macdonald and Tanya Atwater and Richard Ballard and Alfonso Carranza and D. Cordoba and Christopher Cox and Vincent Garcia and Jean Francheteau and Jos{\'e} Guerrero and Jennifer Hawkins and Rachel M. Haymon and Richard Hessler and T. Juteau and Miriam Kastner and Roger M. Larson and Bruce P. Luyendyk and John D. MacDougall and Stefan Miller and William R. Normark and John A. Orcutt and Claude Rangin},
  journal={Science},
  year={1980},
  volume={207 4438},
  pages={1421-33}
}
Hydrothermal vents jetting out water at 380 degrees +/- 30 degrees C have been discovered on the axis of the East Pacific Rise. The hottest waters issue from mineralized chimneys and are blackened by sulfide precipitates. These hydrothermal springs are the sites of actively forming massive sulfide mineral deposits. Cooler springs are clear to milky and support exotic benthic communities of giant tube worms, clams, and crabs similar to those found at the Galápagos spreading center. Four… CONTINUE READING

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