East Africa and Madagascar in the Indian Ocean world

  title={East Africa and Madagascar in the Indian Ocean world},
  author={Nicole Boivin and Alison Crowther and Richard Helm and Dorian Q. Fuller},
  journal={Journal of World Prehistory},
The Indian Ocean has long been a forum for contact, trade and the transfer of goods, technologies and ideas between geographically distant groups of people. Another, less studied, outcome of expanding maritime connectivity in the region is the translocation of a range of species of plants and animals, both domestic and wild. A significant number of these translocations can now be seen to involve Africa, either providing or receiving species, suggesting that Africa’s role in the emergence of an… 
Reconstructing patterns of migration and translocation of different animal taxa across the Indian Ocean and Island South-East Asia
The results demonstrate that several unique and geographically restricted lineages have been identified, reflecting past human-mediated translocation throughout the Indian and Pacific Ocean from the 1st millennium AD onwards.
Indian Ocean Food Globalisation and Africa
While Africa has sometimes been peripheral to accounts of the early Indian Ocean world, studies of food globalisation necessarily place it centre stage. Africa has dispatched and received an
Contact between East Africa and India in the First Millennium CE
The long littoral of eastern Africa, from the Somali coast to the edge of South Africa, was part of the Indian Ocean exchange system since deep antiquity. This is indicated by the discovery of copal
Dietary Diversity on the Swahili Coast: The Fauna from Two Zanzibar Trading Locales
Comparisons with contemporaneous sites suggest that some of the patterns at Fukuchani and Unguja Ukuu are not replicated elsewhere, and diversity in early Swahili coast foodways is essential to discussions of the agents engaged in long‐distance maritime trade.
Africa and the Indian Ocean World from Early Times to Circa 1900
Africa and the Indian Ocean World offers a sweeping two-thousand-year narrative of global interactions along the continent’s eastern littoral. This book is a part of Cambridge’s New Approaches to
Africa and the Early Indian Ocean World Exchange System in the Context ofHuman–Environment Interaction
This volume comprises a selection of chapters by leading scholars on aspects of early exchange between Africa and the wider Indian Ocean world (IOW)—a macro-region running from Africa to the Middle
The genetic history of Mayotte and Madagascar cattle breeds mirrors the complex pattern of human exchanges in Western Indian Ocean
The demographic and adaptive histories of the extant Zebus from the Mayotte and Madagascar islands are unraveled using high-density SNP genotyping data to find that these populations are very closely related and both display a predominant indicine ancestry.
East African origins for Madagascan chickens as indicated by mitochondrial DNA
It is found that chickens in Madagascar only share a common ancestor with East Africa, which together are genetically closer to South Asian chickens than to those in Southeast Asia, suggesting that the earliest expansion of Austronesian-speaking people across the Indian Ocean did not successfully introduce chickens to Madagascar.


The culture history of Madagascar
Madagascar's culture is a unique fusion of elements drawn from the western, northern, and eastern shores of the Indian Ocean, and its past has fascinated many scholars, yet systematic archaeological
Island subsistence: hunting, trapping and the translocation of wildlife in the Western Indian Ocean
Researchers have recently begun to re-examine the settlement of the islands of the Western Indian Ocean from multi-disciplinary perspectives that incorporate evidence from both the natural and human
New palaeozoogeographical evidence for the settlement of Madagascar
The island of Madagascar split from the African mainland some 50 million years ago, considerably prior to the evolution of humans and indeed primates. Its isolation permitted the evolution of a
The Austronesians in Madagascar and Their Interaction with the Bantu of the East African Coast: surveying the Linguistic Evidence for Domestic and Translocated Animals
The Malagasy language is generally considered part of the Barito languages of Borneo and these, in turn, have recently been linked to the Sama-Bajaw group. The dispersal of the Sama-Bajaw in the
Swahili Cosmopolitanism in Africa and the Indian Ocean World, A.D. 600–1500
Coastal peoples who lived along the Eastern African seaboard in the first millennium A.D. onwards began converting to Islam in the mid-eighth century. Clearly rooted in and linked throughout to an
Neolithic Pottery Traditions from the Islands, the Coast and the Interior of East Africa
Scholars have attributed the spread of agriculture and pottery technology to the larger part of eastern and southern Africa to Bantu speakers. However, the spread of similar aspects to the Kenya and
Archaeology in Eastern Africa: An Overview of Current Chronological Issues
  • P. Sinclair
  • History, Geography
    The Journal of African History
  • 1991
Even at this still early stage in the development of the chronostratigraphic framework in eastern Africa a number of important advances have been reported. As more attention is paid to the different
Austronesian genetic signature in East African Madagascar and Polynesia
The results indicate that while Madagascar derives 66.3% of its genetic makeup from Africa, a clear connection between the East African island and Southeast Asia can be discerned and suggest that although geographic location has influenced the phylogenetic relationships between Austronesian populations, a genetic connection that binds them beyond geographical divides is apparent.
Exploring agriculture, interaction and trade on the eastern African littoral: preliminary results from Kenya
There is a growing interest in transoceanic connections between prehistoric communities occupying the Indian Ocean rim. Corroborative and well-sequenced archaeological data from eastern Africa have,
The first migrants to Madagascar and their introduction of plants: linguistic and ethnological evidence
The Austronesians who settled in Madagascar in the first millennium of the Christian Era were probably different from the Austronesians who reached the East African coast earlier at different times,