Earth's energy imbalance and implications

@article{Hansen2011EarthsEI,
  title={Earth's energy imbalance and implications},
  author={J. Hansen and M. Sato and P. Kharecha and Karina von Schuckmann Nasa Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia University Earth Institute and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique},
  journal={Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics},
  year={2011},
  volume={11},
  pages={13421-13449}
}
  • J. Hansen, M. Sato, +3 authors Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
  • Published 2011
  • Environmental Science, Physics
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
  • Abstract. Improving observations of ocean heat content show that Earth is absorbing more energy from the Sun than it is radiating to space as heat, even during the recent solar minimum. The inferred planetary energy imbalance, 0.58 ± 0.15 W m −2 during the 6-yr period 2005–2010, confirms the dominant role of the human-made greenhouse effect in driving global climate change. Observed surface temperature change and ocean heat gain together constrain the net climate forcing and ocean mixing rates… CONTINUE READING
    469 Citations
    Earth’s radiative imbalance from the Last Glacial Maximum to the present
    • 10
    • PDF
    Measuring Global Ocean Heat Content to Estimate the Earth Energy Imbalance
    • 27
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Distinctive climate signals in reanalysis of global ocean heat content
    • 386
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Heat stored in the Earth system: where does the energy go?
    • 3
    • PDF
    Heat stored in the Earth system: Where does the energy go? The GCOS Earth heat inventory team
    Varying planetary heat sink led to global-warming slowdown and acceleration
    • 322
    • PDF
    Earth’s Energy Imbalance
    • 214
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Time-dependent climate sensitivity and the legacy of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions
    • R. Zeebe
    • Environmental Science, Medicine
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
    • 2013
    • 36
    • PDF

    References

    SHOWING 1-10 OF 198 REFERENCES
    Anthropogenic Warming of Earth's Climate System
    • 501
    • Highly Influential
    • PDF
    An observationally based energy balance for the Earth since 1950
    • 203
    • PDF
    Earth's Energy Imbalance: Confirmation and Implications
    • 766
    • PDF
    Estimated PDFs of climate system properties including natural and anthropogenic forcings
    • 175
    • PDF
    High Earth-system climate sensitivity determined from Pliocene carbon dioxide concentrations
    • 448
    • PDF
    Continental heat gain in the global climate system
    • 89
    • PDF
    Global change: The ocean is warming, isn't it?
    • 31
    Earth system sensitivity inferred from Pliocene modelling and data
    • 230
    • PDF