Early stone technology on Flores and its implications for Homo floresiensis

  title={Early stone technology on Flores and its implications for Homo floresiensis},
  author={Adam Brumm and Fachroel Aziz and G. D. van den Bergh and Michael J. Morwood and Mark W. Moore and Iwan Kurniawan and Douglas Hobbs and Richard Fullagar},
In the Soa Basin of central Flores, eastern Indonesia, stratified archaeological sites, including Mata Menge, Boa Lesa and Kobatuwa (Fig. 1), contain stone artefacts associated with the fossilized remains of Stegodon florensis, Komodo dragon, rat and various other taxa. These sites have been dated to 840–700 kyr bp (thousand years before present). The authenticity of the Soa Basin artefacts and their provenance have been demonstrated by previous work, but to quell lingering doubts, here we… 

Hominins on Flores, Indonesia, by one million years ago

It is shown using 40Ar/39Ar dating that an ignimbrite overlying the artefact layers at Wolo Sege was erupted 1.02 ± Myr ago, providing a new minimum age for hominins on Flores, which predates the disappearance from the Soa Basin of ‘pygmy’ Stegodon sondaari and Geochelone spp.

Age and context of the oldest known hominin fossils from Flores.

The age and context of the Mata Menge hominin specimens and associated archaeological findings are described, indicating a relatively dry climate in the So'a Basin during the early Middle Pleistocene, while various lines of evidence suggest the hominins inhabited a savannah-like open grassland habitat with a wetland component.

Conclusions: implications of the Liang Bua excavations for hominin evolution and biogeography.

The Liang Bua faunal remains: a 95k.yr. sequence from Flores, East Indonesia.

The Stegodon Bonebed of the Middle Pleistocene Archaeological Site Mata Menge (Flores, Indonesia): Taphonomic Agents in Site Formation

The Middle Pleistocene fluvial channel site of the Upper Fossil-bearing Interval at Mata Menge in the So’a Basin, Flores, Indonesia, has yielded the earliest fossil evidence for Homo floresiensis in

Characterising the stone artefact raw materials at Liang Bua, Indonesia

At Liang Bua, the type site of Homo floresiensis on the Indonesian island of Flores, the stone artefact assemblages are dominated by two raw materials, qualitatively classified as chert and

Homo floresiensis-like fossils from the early Middle Pleistocene of Flores.

This work describes hominin fossils excavated in 2014 from an early Middle Pleistocene site (Mata Menge) in the So'a Basin of central Flores and suggests that hominins on Flores had acquired extremely small body size and other morphological traits specific to H. floresiensis at an unexpectedly early time.



Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia

Dating by radiocarbon, luminescence, uranium-series and electron spin resonance methods indicates that H. floresiensis existed from before 38,000 years ago (kyr) until at least 18 kyr, and originated from an early dispersal of Homo erectus that reached Flores and then survived on this island refuge until relatively recently.

Further evidence for small-bodied hominins from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia

Additional H. floresiensis remains excavated from the cave in 2004 are described, demonstrating that LB1 is not just an aberrant or pathological individual, but is representative of a long-term population that was present during the interval 95–74 to 12 thousand years ago.

Stone artefacts from the 1994 excavation at Mata Menge, West Central Flores, Indonesia

Homo erectus first appeared in Indonesia between 1 million (Itihara et al. 1994; De Vos and Sondaar 1994) and 1.8 million years ago (Swisher et al. 1994). This evidence comes from the island of Java,

Archaeological implications of the geology and chronology of the Soa basin, Flores, Indonesia

The timing of arrival of early hominids in Southeast Asia has major implications for models of hominid evolution. The majority of evidence for the earliest appearance of hominids in the region has

Fission-track ages of stone tools and fossils on the east Indonesian island of Flores

Zircon fission-track dates from two fossil sites on the Wallacean island of Flores conclude that Homo erectus in this region was capable of repeated water crossings using watercraft.

A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia

The discovery of an adult hominin with stature and endocranial volume equal to the smallest-known australopithecines is reported, from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia, and shows that the genus Homo is morphologically more varied and flexible in its adaptive responses than previously thought.

The Late Neogene elephantoid-bearing faunas of Indonesia and their palaeozoogeographic implications

Bergh, G.D. van den. The Late Neogene elephantoid-bearing faunas of Indonesia and their palaeozoogeographic implications; a study of the terrestrial faunal succession of Sulawesi, Flores and Java,

Artifact abrasion, fluvial processes, and “living floors” from the Early Paleolithic site of ’Ubeidiya (Jordan Valley, Israel)

  • J. Shea
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1999
Early Acheulian assemblages in fluviolacustrine contexts at the Early Pleistocene site of ‘Ubeidiya (Jordan Valley, Israel) have been described as “living floors.” A study of variation in the surface

Middle Pleistocene faunal turnover and colonization of Flores (Indonesia) by Homo erectus

Des artefacts lithiques ont ete trouves en association avec des fossiles de Stegodon tigonocephalus florensis Hooijer et de mollusques d'eau douce dans un niveau fluviatile de gres appartenant a la

New 'Hobbits' Bolster Species, But Origins Still a Mystery

This week, the team that last year discovered a tiny species of extinct human on the Indonesian island of Flores described in Nature several new specimens of the species, dubbed Homo floresiensis,