Early sexual abuse and lifetime psychopathology: a co-twin–control study

  title={Early sexual abuse and lifetime psychopathology: a co-twin–control study},
  author={Stephen H. Dinwiddie and Andrew C. Heath and Michael P. Dunne and Kathleen K. Bucholz and Pamela A. F. Madden and Wendy S. Slutske and Laura J. Bierut and D B Statham and Nicholas G. Martin},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  pages={41 - 52}
Background. This study was designed to determine lifetime prevalence of psychiatric disorders among twins who reported childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and to compare these rates with those among non-abused co-twins. The contribution of familial and individual-specific factors to reported sexual abuse was also examined. Method. Information about lifetime psychopathology and substance use was obtained by structured telephone interviews with 5995 Australian twins. Twins who reported a history of… 

Features of childhood sexual abuse and the development of psychiatric and substance use disorders

Specific features of CSA differentially increase risk of later psychopathology; however, there do not appear to be unique predictive relationships between features ofCSA and the emergence of specific psychiatric disorders.

Childhood sexual abuse and adult psychiatric and substance use disorders in women: an epidemiological and cotwin control analysis.

Results are consistent with the hypothesis that CSA is causally related to an increased risk for psychiatric and substance abuse disorders and cannot be explained by background familial factors.

Association between self-reported childhood sexual abuse and adverse psychosocial outcomes: results from a twin study.

Self-reported CSA was associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes, controlling for family background, and Discordant pair analysis seems to provide an effective means of controlling forfamily background risk factors.

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Familial transmission of suicidal behavior: factors mediating the relationship between childhood abuse and offspring suicide attempts.

Reported childhood sexual abuse is a risk factor for suicidal behavior in parent and offspring and transmission of suicide risk across generations is related to the familial transmission of sexual abuse and impulsivity.

Positive or negative history of childhood sexual abuse among problem drinkers: relationship to substance use disorders and psychiatric co-morbidity

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Childhood sexual abuse and psychosis: data from a cross-sectional national psychiatric survey in England.

The association between childhood sexual abuse and psychosis was large, and may be causal, and have important implications for the nature and aetiology of psychosis, for its treatment and for primary prevention.

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This prospective study demonstrates an association between child sexual abuse validated at the time and a subsequent increase in rates of childhood and adult mental disorders.



Relationship between dissociation, childhood sexual abuse, childhood physical abuse, and mental illness in a general population sample.

It is confirmed that a small proportion of the general population suffer from high levels of dissociative symptoms, and this study calls into question the hypothesized direct relationship between childhood sexual abuse and adult dissociatives symptoms.

Suicidal behaviour: an epidemiological and genetic study

Risk of persistent suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts is determined by a complex interplay of psychiatric history, neuroticism, traumatic life experiences, genetic vulnerability specific for suicidal behaviour and sociocultural risk or protective factors.

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There was a positive correlation between reporting abuse and greater levels of psychopathology on a range of measures, but in most cases its effects could only be understood in relationship to the context from which it emerged.

Psychiatric morbidity in adult inpatients with childhood histories of sexual and physical abuse.

The findings emphasize the need for greater attention to family dynamics, aggressive diagnosis and treatment of alcoholism within the family, and, especially, determination of patients' abuse histories, even if repeated questioning is necessary.

The long-term impact of childhood sexual abuse in Australian women.

The role of childhood stressors in the intergenerational transmission of alcohol use disorders.

Findings indicate that self-reported childhood stressors are strongly related to a family history of alcoholism, but are only moderately and inconsistently related to the development of an alcohol use disorder.

Psychological distress, problem behaviors, and family functioning of sexually abused adolescent inpatients.

  • D. HusseyM. Singer
  • Psychology
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 1993
OBJECTIVE By studying children and adolescents who have been sexually abused, improvements in identifying and treating emerging pathology can be gleaned before personality structures become more

Early Sexual Abuse and Clinical Depression in Adult Life

Sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence was studied in 286 working-class mothers living in Islington, who were contacted on three occasions over a two-year period to study current vulnerability factors in the onset of depression.

Childhood sexual abuse and bulimic behavior in a nationally representative sample.

Victims of childhood sexual abuse were significantly more likely to display bulimic behavior, and a substantial fraction of cases of bulimics behavior could be attributed to such abuse.

Psychiatric correlates of incest in childhood.

There was an association between incest and psychiatric disorders in this community-based treatment population and more severe types of incestuous abuse were associated with a higher risk for the development of psychiatric disorders.