Early sexual abuse and lifetime psychopathology: a co-twin–control study

@article{Dinwiddie2000EarlySA,
  title={Early sexual abuse and lifetime psychopathology: a co-twin–control study},
  author={S. Dinwiddie and A. Heath and M. Dunne and K. Bucholz and P. Madden and W. Slutske and L. Bierut and D. Statham and N. Martin},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  year={2000},
  volume={30},
  pages={41 - 52}
}
Background. This study was designed to determine lifetime prevalence of psychiatric disorders among twins who reported childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and to compare these rates with those among non-abused co-twins. The contribution of familial and individual-specific factors to reported sexual abuse was also examined. Method. Information about lifetime psychopathology and substance use was obtained by structured telephone interviews with 5995 Australian twins. Twins who reported a history of… Expand
Features of childhood sexual abuse and the development of psychiatric and substance use disorders
TLDR
Specific features of CSA differentially increase risk of later psychopathology; however, there do not appear to be unique predictive relationships between features ofCSA and the emergence of specific psychiatric disorders. Expand
Childhood sexual abuse and adult psychiatric and substance use disorders in women: an epidemiological and cotwin control analysis.
TLDR
Results are consistent with the hypothesis that CSA is causally related to an increased risk for psychiatric and substance abuse disorders and cannot be explained by background familial factors. Expand
Association between self-reported childhood sexual abuse and adverse psychosocial outcomes: results from a twin study.
TLDR
Self-reported CSA was associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes, controlling for family background, and Discordant pair analysis seems to provide an effective means of controlling forfamily background risk factors. Expand
Childhood sexual abuse and affective symptoms in women: a general population study
TLDR
The strong association of affective symptoms in adult life with CSA by a non- relative suggests an environmental effect, while there may be a combination of genetic and parental influences on the risk of abuse by a relative. Expand
Childhood sexual abuse and the course of alcohol dependence development: findings from a female twin sample.
TLDR
It is indicated that CSA and elevated risk for AD may be linked via early age at first drink and that progression from first drink to AD follows a similar course among women with and without histories of CSA. Expand
Familial transmission of suicidal behavior: factors mediating the relationship between childhood abuse and offspring suicide attempts.
TLDR
Reported childhood sexual abuse is a risk factor for suicidal behavior in parent and offspring and transmission of suicide risk across generations is related to the familial transmission of sexual abuse and impulsivity. Expand
Positive or negative history of childhood sexual abuse among problem drinkers: relationship to substance use disorders and psychiatric co-morbidity
TLDR
Victims of CSA may represent an important subgroup of alcohol-dependent patients with specific needs and require the combination of various forms of pharmacological and psychological treatments to match their clinical characteristics, according to this study. Expand
Childhood sexual abuse and psychosis: data from a cross-sectional national psychiatric survey in England.
TLDR
The association between childhood sexual abuse and psychosis was large, and may be causal, and have important implications for the nature and aetiology of psychosis, for its treatment and for primary prevention. Expand
Sexual abuse and psychiatric disorder in England: results from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey
TLDR
Detailed and high-quality data in APMS 2007 provided important confirmation both of the strength of association of CSA with psychiatric disorder and of its relative non-specificity, which has major implications at the public health level and the individual level. Expand
Impact of child sexual abuse on mental health
TLDR
This prospective study demonstrates an association between child sexual abuse validated at the time and a subsequent increase in rates of childhood and adult mental disorders. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Relationship between dissociation, childhood sexual abuse, childhood physical abuse, and mental illness in a general population sample.
TLDR
It is confirmed that a small proportion of the general population suffer from high levels of dissociative symptoms, and this study calls into question the hypothesized direct relationship between childhood sexual abuse and adult dissociatives symptoms. Expand
Childhood sexual abuse and mental health in adult life.
TLDR
There was a positive correlation between reporting abuse and greater levels of psychopathology on a range of measures, but in most cases its effects could only be understood in relationship to the context from which it emerged. Expand
Suicidal behaviour: an epidemiological and genetic study.
TLDR
Risk of persistent suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts is determined by a complex interplay of psychiatric history, neuroticism, traumatic life experiences, genetic vulnerability specific for suicidal behaviour and sociocultural risk or protective factors. Expand
Psychiatric morbidity in adult inpatients with childhood histories of sexual and physical abuse.
TLDR
The findings emphasize the need for greater attention to family dynamics, aggressive diagnosis and treatment of alcoholism within the family, and, especially, determination of patients' abuse histories, even if repeated questioning is necessary. Expand
The long-term impact of childhood sexual abuse in Australian women.
TLDR
The findings indicate that the influence of CSA on adverse long-term effects is mediated and influenced both by the severity of the abuse experiences and by a range of family and social background factors. Expand
The role of childhood stressors in the intergenerational transmission of alcohol use disorders.
TLDR
Findings indicate that self-reported childhood stressors are strongly related to a family history of alcoholism, but are only moderately and inconsistently related to the development of an alcohol use disorder. Expand
Psychological distress, problem behaviors, and family functioning of sexually abused adolescent inpatients.
  • D. Hussey, M. Singer
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 1993
OBJECTIVE By studying children and adolescents who have been sexually abused, improvements in identifying and treating emerging pathology can be gleaned before personality structures become moreExpand
Clinical characteristics of women with a history of childhood abuse: unhealed wounds.
TLDR
Children abused only as children did not differ from women who reported current, but not childhood, abuse in number of physical symptoms, emotional distress, substance abuse, or suicide attempts, and patients who reported both childhood and adult abuse had higher levels of psychological problems and physical symptoms. Expand
Early sexual abuse and clinical depression in adult life.
TLDR
Sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence was studied in 286 working-class mothers living in Islington, who were contacted on three occasions over a two-year period to study current vulnerability factors in the onset of depression. Expand
Childhood sexual abuse and bulimic behavior in a nationally representative sample.
TLDR
Victims of childhood sexual abuse were significantly more likely to display bulimic behavior, and a substantial fraction of cases of bulimics behavior could be attributed to such abuse. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...