Protective effects of naringenin on carbon tetrachloride-induced acute nephrotoxicity in mouse kidney.
Thirty-two male Swiss ICR mice were injected intraperitoneally with 300 mg 2-bromoethylamine hydrobromide/kg body weight, anesthetized, and perfused with glutaraldehyde-paraformaldehyde solution at 5, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 minutes after treatment. Eight control mice were injected intraperitoneally with sterile diluent, and one was perfused at each of the same time periods as the treated mice. Proximal tubule epithelial alterations progressed over time from increased secondary lysosome and myeloid body formation to cellular and mitochondrial swelling and eventually cell necrosis. The glomerular, peritubular, and vasa recta capillaries had endothelial cell swelling and desquamation and platelet aggregation. Bromoethylamine nephrotoxicosis in the male Swiss ICR mouse is an ischemic necrosis of the proximal tubules and papilla initiated by endothelial cell damage and makes an excellent model of chemically induced damage to endothelial cells and tubular necrosis.