Early recurrences of otitis media: reinfection or relapse?

In a prospective study, 36 (35%) of 103 patients had early recurrence of acute otitis media. We wished to identify risk factors for early recurrences (those recurring within 1 month of initial diagnosis) and to determine if the second episode was caused by the same pathogen (relapse) or a new organism (reinfection). When the same bacterial species was… (More)