Early plant domestications in southern India: some preliminary archaeobotanical results

  title={Early plant domestications in southern India: some preliminary archaeobotanical results},
  author={Dorian Q. Fuller and Ravi Korisettar and P. C. Venkatasubbaiah and Martin K. Jones},
  journal={Vegetation History and Archaeobotany},
Analysis of flotation samples from twelve sites in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh (south India) provides clear evidence for the predominant subsistence plants of the Neolithic period (2,800–1,200 cal b.c.). This evidence indicates that the likely staples were two pulses (Vigna radiata and Macrotyloma uniflorum) and two millet-grasses (Brachiaria ramosa and Setaria verticillata) which were indigenous to the Indian peninsula. At some sites there is evidence for limited cultivation of wheats… 

On the Botanical Findings from Excavations at Ahichchhatra: A Multicultural Site in Upper Ganga Plain, Uttar Pradesh

This article embodies an impressive array of data on the carbonized remains of crop plants, weeds and wild taxa recovered from archaeological excavations at Ahichchhatra, a multicultural site in

Plant macroremains from Sarethi: An Early Historic site in Saryu region of Ganga Plain, Uttar Pradesh

The paper highlights additional data on the carbonized remains of crop plants, weeds and wild taxa recovered from excavations at Sarethi, a multicultural site in district Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh. The

Millets and Herders: The Origins of Plant Cultivation in Semiarid North Gujarat (India)

Botanical evidence suggests that North Gujarat (India) was a primary center of plant domestication during the mid-Holocene. However, lack of systematic archaeobotanical research and significant

Contrasting Patterns in Crop Domestication and Domestication Rates: Recent Archaeobotanical Insights from the Old World

  • D. Fuller
  • Biology, Geography
    Annals of botany
  • 2007
Data suggest that in domesticated grasses, changes in grain size and shape evolved prior to non-shattering ears or panicles, suggesting a need to reconsider the role of sickle harvesting in domestication.

Finding Plant Domestication in the Indian Subcontinent

An alternative hypothesis for several regions of India can be considered in which agriculture arose as a result of secondary domestications of local species after an initial introduction of farming from outside.

The archaeobotany of Indian pulses: identification, processing and evidence for cultivation

The taphonomy of archaeological pulses is considered in the context of crop-processing of pulses, in which an important distinction can be drawn between free-threshing and pod-th Reshing types.

Vernacular names for African millets and other minor cereals and their significance for agricultural history

  • R. Blench
  • History
    Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  • 2012
Apart from the well-known cereals such as sorghum and millet, Africa has a number of small millets, notably fonio, iburu, ṭef and Paspalum scrobiculatum which are poorly represented in the



India: local and introduced crops

The oldest agriculture so far demonstrated archaeologically in India is that of the Harappan civilization, beginning in approximately 2500 B.C.; the Harappans had an advanced farming technology and a

Ribosomal DNA variation in finger millet and wild species of Eleusine (Poaceae)

The rDNA data raise the possibility that wild and domesticated finger millet could have originated as infraspecific polyploid hybrids from different varieties of E. indica, which is an important cereal crop in the semi-arid regions of Africa and India.

Evolution of Grain Legumes. III. Pulses in the Genus Vigna

Parallel evolutionary trends are apparent in all species, with considerable increase in seed and pod size andrect bush forms have evolved in all cultigens except V. aconitifolia and V. subterranea.

Enzyme diversity in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.)

  • S. Tostain
  • Biology
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics
  • 2004
Wild millet, particularly populations growing far from the crop (allopatric wild accessions), is the most diverse for Got A, Pgd A, and Cat A, whereas cultivated millets are themost diverse for Pgm A and Pgi A.

Flora of the Presidency of Madras

THE present part of Mr. Gamble's Madras flora is on the same lines as previously issued parts. The family Ebenaceae is completed, with an enumeration of the 24 species of Diospyros, several of which

Racial evolution in Eleusine coracana ssp. coracana (finger millet

It is indicated that natural selection has played a major role in the evolution of the crops in Africa and India.

Enzyme diversity in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum)

An evolutionary hypothesis proposed here includes: multiple domestications in the Sahel, creation of early-maturing cultivars and their migration eastwards to India plus a southwards migration to Sudanian zone, and creation of late-matured cultivarsand their migration simultaneously westwards, eastwards, and southwards to southern Africa.


These findings support biosystematic evidence for an East African origin of finger millet, as well as the oldest agricultural record for Africa south of the Sahara, if the suggested date is correct.

The Origins and Spread of Agriculture and Pastoralism in Eurasia

Introduction, David Harris. Part 1 Thematic perspectives: growing plants and raising animals - an anthropological perspective on domestication, Tim Ingold ecology, evolutionary theory and

Archaeobotanical evidence for pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) in sub-Saharan West Africa

The remains of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) dating to 3460±200 and 2960±370 BP have been recovered at the archaeological site of Birimi, northern Ghana, associated with the Kintampo cultural