Sheep rumen and omasum primary cultures and source epithelia: barrier function aligns with expression of tight junction proteins.
Early organogenesis of the caprine stomach was studied in a series of 11 embryos ranging from 6.5 mm neck-rump length (NRL) to 13.3 mm crown-rump length (CRL). In embryos with 6.5-6.7 mm NRL, a part of the primordial proper esophagus extended to the dorsal side of the primordial stomach. The primordial proper esophagus and its extension were lined with a simple epithelium and stained dark brown with Con A III, while the primordial stomach was weakly stained. In embryo with 7.3 mm NRL, the esophageal extension was separated from the proper esophagus by constriction, and became a primordial forestomach situated in an area outside the omental sac. In embryos with 8.3 mm NRL-10.7 mm CRL, primordial forestomach and primordial stomach were united and formed a spindle shaped primordial ruminant stomach with foregut rotation. The primordial ruminant stomach was similar to the primordial simple stomach except that it was more flattened laterally with the convex at the area of 'lesser curvature'. Primordial rumen, omasum and abomasum appeared from the spindle shaped primordial ruminant stomach in an embryo with 12.9 mm CRL. In an embryo with 13.3 mm CRL, primordial reticulum originated from an area between the primordial rumen and omasum.