Early non-destructive biofouling detection and spatial distribution: Application of oxygen sensing optodes.

@article{Farhat2015EarlyNB,
  title={Early non-destructive biofouling detection and spatial distribution: Application of oxygen sensing optodes.},
  author={Nadia Farhat and Marc Jaap Staal and Amber Siddiqui and Sergey M Borisov and Szilard S. Bucs and Johannes S. Vrouwenvelder},
  journal={Water research},
  year={2015},
  volume={83},
  pages={
          10-20
        }
}
Biofouling is a serious problem in reverse osmosis/nanofiltration (RO/NF) applications, reducing membrane performance. Early detection of biofouling plays an essential role in an adequate anti-biofouling strategy. Presently, fouling of membrane filtration systems is mainly determined by measuring changes in pressure drop, which is not exclusively linked to biofouling. Non-destructive imaging of oxygen concentrations (i) is specific for biological activity of biofilms and (ii) may enable earlier… CONTINUE READING
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