Early life manganese exposure upregulates tumor-associated genes in the hypothalamus of female rats: relationship to manganese-induced precocious puberty.

Prepubertal exposure to low, but elevated levels of manganese (Mn) can induce increased secretions of puberty-related hormones resulting in precocious pubertal development in female rats. These events are due to an action of the element within the hypothalamus to induce the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Because of these prepubertal… CONTINUE READING